Like everything on my site, the World of Tuning will always remain 100% open-access and ad-free: however, anti-corporate musicology doesn’t pay the bills! I put as much into these projects as time and finances allow – so, if you like them, you can:

Support the site! •

…and hasten the project’s expansion…
—Documenting more altered tunings—
—Further harmonic & melodic analysis—
—Engaging with peg-twisting guitarists—
—Ensuring that high-quality guitar knowledge will remain open to all, at no cost: free from commercial motive!—

Insights to share? Get in touch!


—Rendition ()—


–Global ‘Foundational Scales’–
How do other cultures use ‘base scales’?

–Ancient Indian Modes



–Jazz Referents










• Khokar set (7) •


  • 1 (S-G-m-P-D-nN-S): Khokar
  • 2 (S-r-g-mM-P-d-S):
  • 3 (S-R-G-mM-P-N-S): –
  • 4 (S-R-gG-m-D-n-S): Rageshri Kanada
  • 5 (S-rR-g-P-d-n-S):
  • 6 (S-rR-M-P-D-N-S):
  • 7 (S-r-mM-d-nN-S):

• Hanskinkini set (8) •


  • 1 (S-R-gG-m-P-D-N-S): Hanskinkini
  • 2 (S-rR-g-m-P-D-n-S):
  • 3 (S-rR-G-M-dD-N-S):
  • 4 (S-r-g-m-P-d-nN-S):
  • 5 (S-R-G-M-P-D-nN-S): Shankara Karan
  • 6 (S-R-G-m-P-dD-n-S): –
  • 7 (S-R-g-mM-P-d-n-S):
  • 8 (S-r-gG-mM-d-n-S):


Hindustani Raga Index

An open-ended project seeking to bring North Indian raga closer to all who approach with open ears. Combines direct input from dozens of leading Hindustani artists with in-depth insights from music history, global theory, performance practice, cognitive science, and much more! [out 2023]

Megalist (365+ ragas)
Search: Find your new favourite •
Tags: Classifying the ragascape •
Glossary: Raga jargon demystified
Ragatable: Analytical connections •
Thaat: Bhatkhande’s base scales •
Murchanas: Swara-set rotations •
Quotes: Musings from raga artists •
Tanpuras: Divine overtonal drones •
Talas: Hindustani rhythm cycles •
[Random Raga]

—Search the Raga Index—

Feedback / Contact •

George Howlett is a London-based musician, writer, and teacher (guitars, sitar, tabla, & santoor). Above all I seek to enthuse fellow sonic searchers, interconnecting fresh vibrations with the voices, cultures, and passions behind them. See Homepage for more, and hit me up for Lessons!

Learn raga on any instrument! •

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