• Re (Rishabh) •


The second step of the sapta swara, offering both komal (lowered) and shuddha (natural) options. While these are somewhat equivalent to the Western b2 and ♮2 (=100 and 200 cents), the Hindustani Re may also take a nearby microtone – plus, swaras are much more than just ‘notes’ (e.g. Rishab, meaning ‘bull’ in Sanskrit, is traditionally associated with erotic energies, the songs of skylarks, and more). Oddly, could be argued that the shuddha Re is present in virtually all tabla-accompanied ragas, regardless of actual swara set – since the dayan’s open ‘Tun‘ stroke is tuned to this tone.

Sa | Re | Ga | Ma | Pa | Dha | Ni

SearchAll TagsGlossary

• Re Categories •
Komal re: present
Komal re: only
Komal re: varjit
Komal re: imperfect
Komal re: detached
Shuddha Re: present
Shuddha Re: only
Shuddha Re: varjit
Shuddha Re: imperfect
Shuddha Re: detached
Generic Re: present
Generic Re: varjit
Double Re: present
Mirror: r–P | rR–Pd | R–d

Quirks: shuddha Re matches the tabla’s open ‘Tun‘ stroke:



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Hindustani Raga Index

An open-ended project seeking to bring North Indian raga closer to all who approach with open ears. Combines direct input from dozens of leading Hindustani artists with in-depth insights from music history, global theory, performance practice, cognitive science, and much more! [out 2023-24]

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George Howlett is a London-based musician, writer, and teacher (guitars, sitar, tabla, & santoor). Above all I seek to enthuse fellow sonic searchers, interconnecting fresh vibrations with the voices, cultures, and passions behind them. See Homepage for more, and hit me up for Lessons!

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