• Raag Annapurna •


From my 2018 Darbar interview with bansuri maestro Rupak Kulkarni: “I lately composed…Raag Annapurna: dedicated to Maa Annapurna Devi, my grand-guru [teacher of my teacher]. It is a combination of morning and evening ragas, so can be played at either of these times.” In 2022 I asked Kulkarni for more info: he described it as “a mixture of Todi and Shree“, blending multiple elements from both ragas – also sending me the mellifluous alap video below (as far as I can tell, the only recording out there!), full of haunting ornaments and odd dissonances, with Sa rendered durbal, and the komal dha often giving way to wide ascent-jumps from Pa (PS(N)S, PrN, P(M)P…).

Raga Megalist (365+) •
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—Rupak Kulkarni (2019)—

[alap phrases, e.g. 0:42] P/S S(NSNS), (S)NSr, PS(N)Sr\N N(Sr), PrNd P, P(M) P(M)PN(d), PS(NSd)P, PS S(NS), SNSgr(gr)Sr(S), Sr Srgr(S)N Nrg(rN), PrN PrNd P…


• Classifiers •

Explore hidden inter-raga connections: swara geometries, melodic features, murchana sets, ragangas, & more (also see the Full Tag List):

Swaras: -4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10+

Sapta: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Poorvang: SRGM | SRG | SRM | SGM

Uttarang: PDNS | PDS | PNS | DNS

Varjit: Re | Ga | Ma | Pa | Dha | Ni

Double: rR | gG | mM | dD | nN

Thaat: 10 | 32Enclosed | Inexact

Chal: All-shuddha | All-komal | Ma-tivra

Gaps: Anh. | Hemi. | 3-row | 4-row | 5-row

Symmetries: Mirror | Rotation | Palindr.

Aroha: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Avroh: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Jati: Equal | Balanced | Av.+1 | Av.+2

Samay: Morning | Aftern. | Eve. | Night

Murchana: Bhup. | Bihag | Bilaw. | Charu.

Raganga: Bhairav | Malhar | Kan. | Todi

Construction: Jod | Mishra | Oddball

Origin: Ancient | Carnatic | Modern

Dominance: Poorvang | Uttarang

Prevalence: A-list | Prachalit | Aprach.


–Swara Geometries–

Core form: S-r-g-M-P-d-N-S
Reverse: SrGmMDNS (=Lalita Sohini)
Inverse: ni; SGMPNS (=none)
Imperfect: 2 (ga, Pa)
Detached: none
Symmetries: none
Murchanas: Todi set


–Global Translations–

Carnatic: Shubhapantuvarali
Jazz: Lydian b2 b3 b6
Pitch classes (‘fret-jumps’):

o o • o • • o o o • • o o


• Tanpura: Sa–Pa
• Names: Annapurna


—Allauddin Khan teaches Annapurna Devi (~1940s)—




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Hindustani Raga Index

An open-ended project seeking to bring North Indian raga closer to all who approach with open ears. Combines direct input from dozens of leading Hindustani artists with in-depth insights from music history, global theory, performance practice, cognitive science, and much more! [out 2023]

Megalist (365+ ragas)
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Tags: Classifying the ragascape •
Glossary: Raga jargon demystified
Ragatable: Analytical connections •
Thaat: Bhatkhande’s base scales •
Murchanas: Swara-set rotations •
Quotes: Musings from raga artists •
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George Howlett is a London-based musician, writer, and teacher (guitars, sitar, tabla, & santoor). Above all I seek to enthuse fellow sonic searchers, interconnecting fresh vibrations with the voices, cultures, and passions behind them. See Homepage for more, and hit me up for Lessons!

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