• Raag Adarangi Todi •


A double-ma, double-ni Todi variant linked to 18th-century composer Naimat Khan ‘Sadarang’ and his nephew Feroze Khan ‘Adarang’, who served at the court of Mughal Emperor (and prolific arts patron) Muhammad Shah. While the raga’s historical lineage remains half-sketched, Ali Akbar Khan took to performing it later in his career. Sometimes given the alternate title of ‘Turki’ or ‘Turusk’ Todi (a name which appears in the 13th-century Sangita Ratnakara – although it is unclear what connection this may have to the modern form).

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—Ali Akbar Khan (~1980s)—

[gat, e.g. 1:05] r gP(M)d, d, d, n\d d\P, P, P, Md/n n, n\d d\M, M\g, rgrS, r/Mg g, (N)S S, r gP(M)d, d, d…


• Classifiers •

Explore hidden inter-raga connections: swara geometries, melodic features, murchana sets, ragangas, & more (also see the Full Tag List):

Swaras: -4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10+

Sapta: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Poorvang: SRGM | SRG | SRM | SGM

Uttarang: PDNS | PDS | PNS | DNS

Varjit: Re | Ga | Ma | Pa | Dha | Ni

Double: rR | gG | mM | dD | nN

Thaat: 10 | 32Enclosed | Inexact

Chal: All-shuddha | All-komal | Ma-tivra

Gaps: Anh. | Hemi. | 3-row | 4-row | 5-row

Symmetries: Mirror | Rotation | Palindr.

Aroha: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Avroh: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Jati: Equal | Balanced | Av.+1 | Av.+2

Samay: Morning | Aftern. | Eve. | Night

Murchana: Bhup. | Bihag | Bilaw. | Charu.

Raganga: Bhairav | Malhar | Kan. | Todi

Construction: Jod | Mishra | Oddball

Origin: Ancient | Carnatic | Modern

Dominance: Poorvang | Uttarang

Prevalence: A-list | Prachalit | Aprach.


–Swara Geometries–

Core form: S-r-g-mM-P-d-nN-S
Reverse: SrRGmMPDNS (=none)
Inverse: Dha; SmPS (=none)
Imperfect: 1 (Pa)
Detached: none
Symmetries: mirror (g—D)
Murchanas: Jaijaiwanti set


–Global Translations–

Carnatic: (~Shubhapantuvarali)
Jazz: Phrygian (dbl. 4th/7th)
Pitch classes (‘fret-jumps’):

o o • o • o o o o • o o o


• Tanpura: Sa–Pa
• Names: Adarangi Todi, Turki Todi, Turusk Todi


—Moumita Mitra (2022)—




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Hindustani Raga Index

An open-ended project seeking to bring North Indian raga closer to all who approach with open ears. Combines direct input from dozens of leading Hindustani artists with in-depth insights from music history, global theory, performance practice, cognitive science, and much more! [out 2023]

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George Howlett is a London-based musician, writer, and teacher (guitars, sitar, tabla, & santoor). Above all I seek to enthuse fellow sonic searchers, interconnecting fresh vibrations with the voices, cultures, and passions behind them. See Homepage for more, and hit me up for Lessons!

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