• Raag Anjani Kalyan •


A creation of Gwalior vocalist and educator Ramashreya Jha ‘Ramrang’ – named in honour of Anjana, a mythic Vanara princess fabled in Hindu lore as Lord Hanuman‘s mother. As per his student Rajan Parrikar, “the basic idea involves rendering the aroha of Madhuvanti sampurna, by taking in both [shuddha] Re and Dha. The aroha contour thus…permits the advance of Kalyan-like clusters”. Abhirang’s rendition of Ramrang’s bandish (Hanana Hanumana Manake: transcribed below) features strong meend on ga, Ma, & Dha (which, along with Sa, form a ‘diminished square’: S-g-M-D) – with all swaras except komal ga set to their highest specific variants (SRMPDNS). Also congruent with a Carnatic form known as Dharmavati – and compare to other Ramrang-related ragas including Bhankari and Kesari Kalyan.

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—Abhijith Shenoy ‘Abhirang’ (2020)—

[bandish, e.g. 4:09] (DM)PMgM PD S(NS)DP, P(DN) D(PM)P, PMgP, PD S(NDNS)DP, P(DPDNSND), (P)MgR/gS S(RN), NNS, DNSRgM P(DP), (DP)MgR/gS S(RN), NNS, DNSRgM P(DP), (M)gMPDN, S(RSgR) (R)S N(SDNP), N(DPMD)PMg, PMgM PDN/S(ND)…


• Classifiers •

Explore hidden inter-raga connections: swara geometries, melodic features, murchana sets, ragangas, & more (also see the Full Tag List):

Swaras: -4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10+

Sapta: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Poorvang: SRGM | SRG | SRM | SGM

Uttarang: PDNS | PDS | PNS | DNS

Varjit: Re | Ga | Ma | Pa | Dha | Ni

Double: rR | gG | mM | dD | nN

Thaat: 10 | 32Enclosed | Inexact

Chal: All-shuddha | All-komal | Ma-tivra

Gaps: Anh. | Hemi. | 3-row | 4-row | 5-row

Symmetries: Mirror | Rotation | Palindr.

Aroha: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Avroh: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Jati: Equal | Balanced | Av.+1 | Av.+2

Samay: Morning | Aftern. | Eve. | Night

Murchana: Bhup. | Bihag | Bilaw. | Charu.

Raganga: Bhairav | Malhar | Kan. | Todi

Construction: Jod | Mishra | Oddball

Origin: Ancient | Carnatic | Modern

Dominance: Poorvang | Uttarang

Prevalence: A-list | Prachalit | Aprach.


• Prakriti: Thaat #5, Madhuvanti


–Swara Geometries–

Core form: SRgMPDNS
Reverse: SrgmMDnS
Negative: 3-3-1-3-2 (e.g. Madhukauns)
Imperfect: 3 (ga, Ma, Dha)
Detached: 1 (ga)
Symmetries: none
Murchanas: Nat Bhairav set


–Global Translations–

Carnatic: Dharmavati
Jazz: Lydian b3
Pitch classes (‘fret-jumps’):

o • o o • • o o • o • o o


• Tanpura: Sa–Pa (+Ni)
• Names: Anjani Kalyan, Dharmavati


—Vinay Sharva & Abhirang (2010)—



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An open-ended project seeking to bring North Indian raga closer to all who approach with open ears. Combines direct input from dozens of leading Hindustani artists with in-depth insights from music history, global theory, performance practice, cognitive science, and much more! [out 2023-24]

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George Howlett is a London-based musician, writer, and teacher (guitars, sitar, tabla, & santoor). Above all I seek to enthuse fellow sonic searchers, interconnecting fresh vibrations with the voices, cultures, and passions behind them. See Homepage for more, and hit me up for Lessons!

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