• Raag Bhavani •


Distinguished by permitting only four swaras (and sometimes titled ‘Chatuswari’: ‘four-toned’), Bhavani’s symmetrical shape is akin to ‘Durga no Pa’. Its intriguing surtar sparsity necessitates a multipolar approach to melodic resolution, tempting a murchana-like refocus towards the triads available from Re (RmD: minor) and ma (mDS: major). Associated with the 20th-century experiments of Gwalior vocalist Narayanrao Vyas (who pointed his renditions towards the Bilawal-ang), with others (including Abhirang) continuing in this vein today. Ripe for further exploration!

Raga Megalist (365+) •
Search | Glossary | Tags
Hindustani Raga Index •


Aroha: SRmDS
Avroh: SDmRS

Chalan: (uncodified)


—Narayanrao Vyas (~1960s)—

[bandish, e.g. 0:02] SRSDm, RSR m, R mDDm, DSSD…


• Classifiers •

Explore hidden inter-raga connections: swara geometries, melodic features, murchana sets, ragangas, & more (also see the Full Tag List):

Swaras: -4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10+

Sapta: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Poorvang: SRGM | SRG | SRM | SGM

Uttarang: PDNS | PDS | PNS | DNS

Varjit: Re | Ga | Ma | Pa | Dha | Ni

Double: rR | gG | mM | dD | nN

Thaat: 10 | 32Enclosed | Inexact

Chal: All-shuddha | All-komal | Ma-tivra

Gaps: Anh. | Hemi. | 3-row | 4-row | 5-row

Symmetries: Mirror | Rotation | Palindr.

Aroha: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Avroh: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Jati: Equal | Balanced | Av.+1 | Av.+2

Samay: Morning | Aftern. | Eve. | Night

Murchana: Bhup. | Bihag | Bilaw. | Charu.

Raganga: Bhairav | Malhar | Kan. | Todi

Construction: Jod | Mishra | Oddball

Origin: Ancient | Carnatic | Modern

Dominance: Poorvang | Uttarang

Prevalence: A-list | Prachalit | Aprach.


• Prakriti: (none found)


–Swara Geometries–

Core form: SRmDS
Reverse: SgPnS
Negative: 2-2-1-2-1-1-2-1 (e.g. Chandranandan)
Imperfect: 2 (Sa, Dha)
Detached: none
Symmetries: mirror (r—P)
Murchanas: none

Quirks: ‘surtar‘ (only 4 swaras) • atritonal‘ (no available tritones)


–Global Translations–

Carnatic: (~Abhogi)
Jazz: Suspended Quadratonic
Pitch classes (‘fret-jumps’):

o • o • • o • • • o • • o


• Tanpura: Sa–ma (+Dha)
• Names: (Chatuswari) Bhavani, Chatu Bhavanee


—Abhijith Shenoy ‘Abhirang’ (2020)—




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Hindustani Raga Index

An open-ended project seeking to bring North Indian raga closer to all who approach with open ears. Combines direct input from dozens of leading Hindustani artists with in-depth insights from music history, global theory, performance practice, cognitive science, and much more! [out 2023-24]

Megalist (365+ ragas)
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Tags: Classifying the ragascape •
Glossary: Raga jargon demystified
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Ragatable: Analytical connections •
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George Howlett is a London-based musician, writer, and teacher (guitars, sitar, tabla, & santoor). Above all I seek to enthuse fellow sonic searchers, interconnecting fresh vibrations with the voices, cultures, and passions behind them. See Homepage for more, and hit me up for Lessons!

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