• Raag Madhuradhwani •


As per Parrikar, “Durga Khamaj-thaat…is also known [as] ‘Madhuradhwani’…This is not a popular raga, its base eroded by the popularity of Rageshri…[but] is part of the Dagar family repertoire”. While some renditions may skip Ni in ascent, traditional Dhrupad presentation will render it shuddha in aroha and komal in avroh – along with a strong Ga, and a Bageshri-style maDha sangati balanced by phrases such as SmG; mDNS; mmGS. Also proximate to Bhinna Shadja and Kaushik Dhwani (~’Khamaj no RePa‘).

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Aroha: SGmDNS
Avroh: SnDmGS

Chalan: e.g. SnD; SmG; mDn; D; mG; mDNS; mmGS; SnD; mG; DmG; mS (Gadre)


—Nemai Chand Boral (~1960s)—

[refrain, e.g. 3:24] mG(mS) (S)nD, (S)DNS, mG(mS) (S)nD, (S)DNS


• Classifiers •

Explore hidden inter-raga connections: swara geometries, melodic features, murchana sets, ragangas, & more (also see the Full Tag List):

Swaras: -4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10+

Sapta: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Poorvang: SRGM | SRG | SRM | SGM

Uttarang: PDNS | PDS | PNS | DNS

Varjit: Re | Ga | Ma | Pa | Dha | Ni

Double: rR | gG | mM | dD | nN

Thaat: 10 | 32Enclosed | Inexact

Chal: All-shuddha | All-komal | Ma-tivra

Gaps: Anh. | Hemi. | 3-row | 4-row | 5-row

Symmetries: Mirror | Rotation | Palindr.

Aroha: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Avroh: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Jati: Equal | Balanced | Av.+1 | Av.+2

Samay: Morning | Aftern. | Eve. | Night

Murchana: Bhup. | Bihag | Bilaw. | Charu.

Raganga: Bhairav | Malhar | Kan. | Todi

Construction: Jod | Mishra | Oddball

Origin: Ancient | Carnatic | Modern

Dominance: Poorvang | Uttarang

Prevalence: A-list | Prachalit | Aprach.


• Prakriti: (none found)


–Swara Geometries–

Core form: SGmDnNS
Reverse: SrRgPdS
Negative: 5-1-1-3-1-1
Imperfect: 2 (Sa, Ni)
Detached: none
Symmetries: mirror (Gm—nN)
Murchanas: none


–Global Translations–

Carnatic: (~Begada)
Jazz: Daptimic
Pitch classes (‘fret-jumps’):

o • • • o o • • • o o o o


• Tanpura: Sa–ma
• Names: Madhuradhwani, Madhura Dhwani, Madhuradvani, ‘Durga Khamaj’ (not Madhuranjani)


—Abhijith Shenoy K ‘Abhirang’ (2020)—




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George Howlett is a London-based musician, writer, and teacher (guitars, sitar, tabla, & santoor). Above all I seek to enthuse fellow sonic searchers, interconnecting fresh vibrations with the voices, cultures, and passions behind them. See Homepage for more, and hit me up for Lessons!

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