• Raag Amirkhani Kauns •


A ‘pentatonic Vachaspati’ created (as the name implies) by Indore vocal master Amir Khan, which omits Re and Dha (thus, Amirkhani Kauns is to Vachaspati as Dhani is to Kafi). All swaras except Sa are imperfect – with the unusual Mani sangati exerting inevitable gravity and drawing melodies away from clear resolution. Few of the Ustad’s renditions have made it to record, and an extended take from shortly before his tragic 1974 passing (possibly part of his very last concert) just lists it as ‘Untitled Raga’ (side B of the same LP contains another untitled form, which is in fact Chandramadhu: the same scale but with komal ga). As noted by Abhirang, the SGMPnS swara set is also known as ‘Yogini’ (Sanskrit for ‘state of union’: the same derivation as ‘yoga’ and ‘Jog’), which he links to the lineage of the Carnatic Hrodini – and elsewhere I’ve seen it referred to as ‘Audav Ram Kalyan’ (n.b. numerous Vachaspati renditions have a weak or absent aroha Re).

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Aroha: SGMPnS
Avroh: SnPMGS

Chalan: (uncodified)


—Amir Khan (1974)—

[themes, e.g. 0:03] (S)G, MPM\G(Sn)S, (S)P (P)n S, S(nS), (S)G, MPM\G(Sn)S, (S)P (PS)n S…


• Classifiers •

Explore hidden inter-raga connections: swara geometries, melodic features, murchana sets, ragangas, & more (also see the Full Tag List):

Swaras: -4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10+

Sapta: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Poorvang: SRGM | SRG | SRM | SGM

Uttarang: PDNS | PDS | PNS | DNS

Varjit: Re | Ga | Ma | Pa | Dha | Ni

Double: rR | gG | mM | dD | nN

Thaat: 10 | 32Enclosed | Inexact

Chal: All-shuddha | All-komal | Ma-tivra

Gaps: Anh. | Hemi. | 3-row | 4-row | 5-row

Symmetries: Mirror | Rotation | Palindr.

Aroha: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Avroh: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Jati: Equal | Balanced | Av.+1 | Av.+2

Samay: Morning | Aftern. | Eve. | Night

Murchana: Bhup. | Bihag | Bilaw. | Charu.

Raganga: Bhairav | Malhar | Kan. | Todi

Construction: Jod | Mishra | Oddball

Origin: Ancient | Carnatic | Modern

Dominance: Poorvang | Uttarang

Prevalence: A-list | Prachalit | Aprach.


• Prakriti: (none found)


–Swara Geometries–

Core form: SGMPnS
Reverse: SRmMdS
Negative: 2-1-1-2-3-1-2
Imperfect: 4 (Ga, Ma, Pa, ni)
Detached: 3 (Ga, Ma, ni)
Symmetries: none
Murchanas: none

Quirks: ‘tivra Ma, komal ni‘ (rarest pairing) • fragmented‘ (at least half the swaras are detached)


–Global Translations–

Carnatic: ~Hrodini/Yogini
Jazz: Lydian Dominant (no 2nd/6th)
Pitch classes (‘fret-jumps’):

o • • • o • o o • • o • o


• Tanpura: Sa–Pa
• Names: Amirkhani Kauns, Amir Khani Kauns, Khan-i Kauns, Yogini, ‘Audav Ram Kalyan’, ‘Amirkhani Vachaspati


—Jayanthi Sridharan (2022)—




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George Howlett is a London-based musician, writer, and teacher (guitars, sitar, tabla, & santoor). Above all I seek to enthuse fellow sonic searchers, interconnecting fresh vibrations with the voices, cultures, and passions behind them. See Homepage for more, and hit me up for Lessons!

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