• Raag Bhupali Todi •


A captivating audav raga said to symbolise spiritual purity, which essentially runs along the lines of ‘what if all Bhupali‘s chal swaras were set as komal rather than shuddha?’ (SRGPDS > SrgPdS). Most renditions are poorvang-dominant, drawing from the Todi-ang as well as reshaping phrases from Bhupali, Bilaskhani Todi, and other forms (given the uniqueness of its swara set, there is little danger of over-trespass). Often presents a major-ish flavour, in part as the only ascending chromatic resolutions on offer are the S>r and P>d sangati – strengthening both these latter swaras (and thus drawing attention to the dSg major triad vs. the SgP minor triad). The basic scale shape is also viewable as ‘Bibhas komal ga‘.

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Aroha: dSrgPdS
Avroh: SdPgrS

Chalan: e.g. dS(g)rgrS; S(g)rgP; gPdP; gPdS; SdS(g)r; grS; SdP; gPdPgrS (Bor/Chaurasia)


—Harjinderpal Matharu (2014)—

[theme, e.g. 0:25] grS, dS, PdSrgrS, grS, dS


• Classifiers •

Explore hidden inter-raga connections: swara geometries, melodic features, murchana sets, ragangas, & more (also see the Full Tag List):

Swaras: -4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10+

Sapta: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Poorvang: SRGM | SRG | SRM | SGM

Uttarang: PDNS | PDS | PNS | DNS

Varjit: Re | Ga | Ma | Pa | Dha | Ni

Double: rR | gG | mM | dD | nN

Thaat: 10 | 32Enclosed | Inexact

Chal: All-shuddha | All-komal | Ma-tivra

Gaps: Anh. | Hemi. | 3-row | 4-row | 5-row

Symmetries: Mirror | Rotation | Palindr.

Aroha: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Avroh: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Jati: Equal | Balanced | Av.+1 | Av.+2

Samay: Morning | Aftern. | Eve. | Night

Murchana: Bhup. | Bihag | Bilaw. | Charu.

Raganga: Bhairav | Malhar | Kan. | Todi

Construction: Jod | Mishra | Oddball

Origin: Ancient | Carnatic | Modern

Dominance: Poorvang | Uttarang

Prevalence: A-list | Prachalit | Aprach.


• Prakriti: (none found)


–Swara Geometries–

Core form: SrgPdS
Reverse: SGmDNS (=Kaushik Dhwani)
Negative: 3-2-1-1-3-1-1 (e.g. Basant)
Imperfect: 2 (ga, Pa)
Detached: none
Symmetries: none
Murchanas: none


–Global Translations–

Carnatic: ~Bhupalam
Jazz: Phrygian (no 4th/7th)
Pitch classes (‘fret-jumps’):

o o • o • • • o o • • • o


• Tanpura: Sa–Pa
• Names: Bhupali Todi, Bhupal Todi, Bhoopali Thodi, Bhoopala


—Jayateerth Mevundi (2021)—



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An open-ended project seeking to bring North Indian raga closer to all who approach with open ears. Combines direct input from dozens of leading Hindustani artists with in-depth insights from music history, global theory, performance practice, cognitive science, and much more! [out 2023-24]

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George Howlett is a London-based musician, writer, and teacher (guitars, sitar, tabla, & santoor). Above all I seek to enthuse fellow sonic searchers, interconnecting fresh vibrations with the voices, cultures, and passions behind them. See Homepage for more, and hit me up for Lessons!

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