• Raag Gunakri •


Taking the swaras of ‘Bhairav no Ga/Ni’, Gunakri – described by AUTRIM as “serious and peaceful” – brings out the character of its parent raga via an oscillating komal re, and movements patterns including Sd, dP and SdSr, rS (although Jairazbhoy prefers to analyse it via the geometries of Basant Mukhari). Bose gives a neat ‘rising-falling’ pakad of mPd, mrS, which is often handled with long slides (e.g. d/S; m\r), while Vidyadhar Vyas’ version seasons the raga’s audav core with slight touches of Ga and Ni (helping to avoid shades of Jogiya’s aroha, which takes the same swaras). Not the same as Gunkali (…although renditions of each are sometimes mistitled as the other).

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Aroha: SrmPdS
Avroh: SdPmrS

Chalan: e.g. SdrS; rmPm; PmrP; mPd; dS; rSdP; mPdPmrS (Bor/Vyas)


—Vidyadhar Vyas (1997)—

[refrains, e.g. 1:04] P(d)mPdP, m m, (g)r r, S S, P; (m)P mm, g\r, n\d(nd) d/S, SS…


• Classifiers •

Explore hidden inter-raga connections: swara geometries, melodic features, murchana sets, ragangas, & more (also see the Full Tag List):

Swaras: -4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10+

Sapta: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Poorvang: SRGM | SRG | SRM | SGM

Uttarang: PDNS | PDS | PNS | DNS

Varjit: Re | Ga | Ma | Pa | Dha | Ni

Double: rR | gG | mM | dD | nN

Thaat: 10 | 32Enclosed | Inexact

Chal: All-shuddha | All-komal | Ma-tivra

Gaps: Anh. | Hemi. | 3-row | 4-row | 5-row

Symmetries: Mirror | Rotation | Palindr.

Aroha: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Avroh: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Jati: Equal | Balanced | Av.+1 | Av.+2

Samay: Morning | Aftern. | Eve. | Night

Murchana: Bhup. | Bihag | Bilaw. | Charu.

Raganga: Bhairav | Malhar | Kan. | Todi

Construction: Jod | Mishra | Oddball

Origin: Ancient | Carnatic | Modern

Dominance: Poorvang | Uttarang

Prevalence: A-list | Prachalit | Aprach.


• Prakriti: Gunkali


–Swara Geometries–

Core form: SrmPdS
Reverse: SGmPNS
Negative: 3-1-1-2-3-1-1 (e.g. Todi)
Imperfect: 2 (Pa, dha)
Detached: none
Symmetries: none
Murchanas: Kaushik Dhwani (on dha)


–Global Translations–

Carnatic: ~Salanganata
Jazz: Phrygian (no 3rd/7th)
Pitch classes (‘fret-jumps’):

o o • • • o • o o • • • o


• Tanpura: Sa–Pa
• Names: Gunakri, Gunakree, Gunakriya, (not Gunkali)


—T.D. Janorikar (~1970s)—




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Hindustani Raga Index

An open-ended project seeking to bring North Indian raga closer to all who approach with open ears. Combines direct input from dozens of leading Hindustani artists with in-depth insights from music history, global theory, performance practice, cognitive science, and much more! [out 2023-24]

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George Howlett is a London-based musician, writer, and teacher (guitars, sitar, tabla, & santoor). Above all I seek to enthuse fellow sonic searchers, interconnecting fresh vibrations with the voices, cultures, and passions behind them. See Homepage for more, and hit me up for Lessons!

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