• Raag Lagan Gandhar •


An oddball product of Kumar Gandharva’s limitless imagination, Lagan Gandhar (‘Full Ga Concentration’) is distinguished by taking a ‘triple-Ga’ – with an additional ‘quarter-tonesruti lying roughly halfway between the komal and shuddha shades (‘komalaa gandhar’: notated below as ‘’). This strange tone-trio is often navigated in adjacent manner, with slow glides serving to highlight the subtle pitch-differences between each position (e.g. G\g̃\g). While the rest of the swara-set lies close to Shivranjani and Bhupali, it follows its own distinct phraseologies (sometimes even mirroring Ga’s mid-sruti interplay around the Ni zone, e.g. here). As per Parrikar, “a connoisseur‘s delight…the raga was very dear to [Gandharva]…The haunting feeling originates from the uncertainty imparted to Ga”. Few besides its creator – and his wife Vasundhara Tai – have attempted to tackle the raga in earnest (see renditions by vocalist Milap Rane and bansuriya Ronu Majumdar, plus a bandish breakdown by Swaroop Sardeshmukh). The Hindu’s coverage of Gandharva’s Apr 2023 centenary concert notes that “day two began with Kalapini Komkali’s Lagan Gandhar, a unique raga created by her father…adding a personal dimension to [its] vitality…Kalapini presented two compositions in this challenging raga [Sudha Na Rahi Mohe & Baje Re Mora]”. Also see Gandharva’s Madhusurja, inspired by the impending doom of a sacrificial goat.

Raga Megalist (365+) •
Search | Glossary | Tags
Hindustani Raga Index •


—Kumar Gandharva (1968)—

[refrain, e.g. 0:32] S, G\g̃\g, R(gR) R(S)S, (GR)G, G G(RS)S, SG(RS)S, S\DS, S\D(SD), SG G\g̃\g R(S) (GR)G, SG(RS), SG(RS), S\D, DS, SR(S), RR(gRgRgRS), DS\D, S G\g̃\g R(S) (GR)G, G G(RS)S…


• Classifiers •

Explore hidden inter-raga connections: swara geometries, melodic features, murchana sets, ragangas, & more (also see the Full Tag List):

Swaras: -4 | 5 | 6 | 78 | 9 | 10+

Sapta: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Poorvang: SRGM | SRG | SRM | SGM

Uttarang: PDNS | PDS | PNS | DNS

Varjit: Re | Ga | Ma | Pa | Dha | Ni

Double: rR | gG | mM | dD | nN

Thaat: 10 | 32 | Enclosed | Inexact

Chal: All-shuddha | All-komal | Ma-tivra

Gaps: Anh. | Hemi. | 3-row | 4-row | 5-row

Symmetries: Mirror | Rotation | Palindr.

Aroha: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Avroh: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Jati: Equal | Balanced | Av.+1 | Av.+2

Samay: Morning | Aftern. | Eve. | Night

Murchana: Bhup. | Bihag | Bilaw. | Charu.

Raganga: Bhairav | Malhar | Kan. | Todi

Construction: Jod | Mishra | Oddball

Origin: Ancient | Carnatic | Modern

Dominance: Poorvang | Uttarang

Prevalence: A-list | Prachalit | Aprach.


• Prakriti: (none found)


–Swara Geometries–
(sadly my database can’t yet handle quarter-tones: so the ‘triple Ga’ is treated as a double)

Core form: SRgGPDS
Reverse: SgmdDnS
Negative: 2-4-1-2-2-1 (e.g. Kameshwari)
Imperfect: 2 (ga, Ga)
Detached: 1 (ga)
Symmetries: none
Murchanas: Marwa (on ga)

Quirks: ‘triple-Ga’ (~quarter-tonal)


–Global Translations–

Carnatic: (~Mishrashivaranjani)
Jazz: Major Pentatonic (dbl. 3rd)
Pitch classes (‘fret-jumps’):

o • o o o • • o • o • • o


• Tanpura: Sa–Pa
• Names: Lagan Gandhar


—Swaroop Sardeshmukh (2022)—




Like everything on my site, the Raga Index will always remain 100% open-access and ad-free: however, anti-corporate musicology doesn’t pay the bills! I put as much into this project as time and finances allow – so, if you like these resources, you can:

Support the Raga Index! •

…and hasten the project’s expansion…
—Riyaz-focused notations & bandish—
—Resurrecting rare and ancient ragas—
—Further melodic & geometric analysis—
—Engaging with Hindustani performers—
—Ensuring that high-quality raga knowledge will remain open to all, at no cost: free from commercial motive!—


Hindustani Raga Index

An open-ended project seeking to bring North Indian raga closer to all who approach with open ears. Combines direct input from dozens of leading Hindustani artists with in-depth insights from music history, global theory, performance practice, cognitive science, and much more! [out 2023-24]

Megalist (365+ ragas)
Search: Find your new favourite •
Tags: Classifying the ragascape •
Glossary: Raga jargon demystified
Murchanas: Swara-set rotations •
Thaat: Bhatkhande’s base scales •
Ragatable: Analytical connections •
Tanpuras: Divine overtonal drones •
Quotes: Musings from raga artists •
Talas: Hindustani rhythm cycles •
Sa | Re | Ga | Ma | Pa | Dha | Ni
[Random Raga]

—Search the Raga Index—

Feedback / Contact •

George Howlett is a London-based musician, writer, and teacher (guitars, sitar, tabla, & santoor). Above all I seek to enthuse fellow sonic searchers, interconnecting fresh vibrations with the voices, cultures, and passions behind them. See Homepage for more, and hit me up for Lessons!

Learn raga on any instrument! •

everything 100% ad-free and open-access