• Raag Bhavmat Bhairav •


A Lalit-ang offshoot of Bhairav devised by gharana-blending genius Kumar Gandharva (also the creator of Bihad Bhairav, Rati Bhairav, Saheli Todi, Lagan Gandhar, & Madhusurja). The raga employs both variants of Ga and Ni, albeit with the komal shades rendered subtly – and compositions tend to focus on the ornamental space around Sa (e.g. S(NrSN)S; NS/GrS; S(RSN)S) (n.b. while some sources suggest a shuddha Dha, Gandharva’s recordings display clearer shades of the komal: as expected given its Lalit-Bhairav parentage). Vanishingly few recordings seem to exist: refer to Gandharva’s classic 1970s renditions (Kantha Re Janoo Re Janoo), as well as a 2019 sitar-accompanied take by his son Mukul Shivputra, and an excellent 2002 performance from Khushal Sharma. Further information welcome!

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—Kumar Gandharva (~1970s)—

[bandish, e.g. 0:26] PN S/G(r) r(S)S, S(NrSN)S, S(NS)N (Nd)P, NS(r) S(NS)N, S(Nd), NS/G(r) r(S)S, (N)S S, N(SR), SR(SN)SN\dP P, NS(RSN)S (GS)G r(S)S, (N)S


• Classifiers •

Explore hidden inter-raga connections: swara geometries, melodic features, murchana sets, ragangas, & more (also see the Full Tag List):

Swaras: -4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10+

Sapta: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Poorvang: SRGM | SRG | SRM | SGM

Uttarang: PDNS | PDS | PNS | DNS

Varjit: Re | Ga | Ma | Pa | Dha | Ni

Double: rR | gG | mM | dD | nN

Thaat: 10 | 32Enclosed | Inexact

Chal: All-shuddha | All-komal | Ma-tivra

Gaps: Anh. | Hemi. | 3-row | 4-row | 5-row

Symmetries: Mirror | Rotation | Palindr.

Aroha: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Avroh: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Jati: Equal | Balanced | Av.+1 | Av.+2

Samay: Morning | Aftern. | Eve. | Night

Murchana: Bhup. | Bihag | Bilaw. | Charu.

Raganga: Bhairav | Malhar | Kan. | Todi

Construction: Jod | Mishra | Oddball

Origin: Ancient | Carnatic | Modern

Dominance: Poorvang | Uttarang

Prevalence: A-list | Prachalit | Aprach.


• Prakriti: Shivmat Bhairav


–Swara Geometries–

Core form: SrgGmPdnNS
Reverse: SrRGmPdDNS
Negative: 5-4-3 (e.g. Malashree)
Imperfect: 2 (Pa, Ni)
Detached: none
Symmetries: none
Murchanas: Mand (on dha)


–Global Translations–

Carnatic: (~Mayamalavagowla)
Jazz: Phrygian (dbl. 3rd/7th)
Pitch classes (‘fret-jumps’):

o o • o o o • o o • o o o


• Tanpura: Sa–ma (+dha)
• Names: Bhavmat Bhairav, Bhavat Bhairav


—Mukul Shivputra (2019)—




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Hindustani Raga Index

An open-ended project seeking to bring North Indian raga closer to all who approach with open ears. Combines direct input from dozens of leading Hindustani artists with in-depth insights from music history, global theory, performance practice, cognitive science, and much more! [out 2023-24]

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George Howlett is a London-based musician, writer, and teacher (guitars, sitar, tabla, & santoor). Above all I seek to enthuse fellow sonic searchers, interconnecting fresh vibrations with the voices, cultures, and passions behind them. See Homepage for more, and hit me up for Lessons!

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