• Raag Sazgiri •


Often described as being among the most complex of Hindustani forms, Sazgiri is fabled as a creation of Amir Khusro (1253-1325): the legendary Sufi poet, singer, and mystic of the Delhi Sultanate (although direct historical evidence for his authorship of the raga is admittedly scant). Komal dha is restricted to Poorvi-ang phrases such as PMdP; rNdP, and shuddha ma “manifests in a striking movement of Gm, mN(D)MG”, while other patterns may overlap with Puriya (MDNrS), Marwa (NrGMD), and Shree (MPNS). Modern forms of Sazgiri may vary significantly between different gharanas: while many renditions enrapture (e.g. Imdadkhani sitarists Shujaat and Vilayat Khan, who introduce shades of Yaman), the best I can find is by Patiala vocalist Fateh Ali Khan (below), which builds its twists and turns around a strong Pa vadi.

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—Fateh Ali Khan (~1980s)—

[refrain, e.g. 1:11] r(Nr) (G)rr P (G), P(NPMPM)G\r, r(Sr)G rSS(NS), (G)rP PP, P(d)P P(M)P DPm (Gm), m(GmPm)D P(mP), (DPDPm)G (rGrS)r, r(SrGr)G (GrG)r SS(NSNS) (r)N G(r) (G)r P


• Classifiers •

Explore hidden inter-raga connections: swara geometries, melodic features, murchana sets, ragangas, & more (also see the Full Tag List):

Swaras: -4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10+

Sapta: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Poorvang: SRGM | SRG | SRM | SGM

Uttarang: PDNS | PDS | PNS | DNS

Varjit: Re | Ga | Ma | Pa | Dha | Ni

Double: rR | gG | mM | dD | nN

Thaat: 10 | 32Enclosed | Inexact

Chal: All-shuddha | All-komal | Ma-tivra

Gaps: Anh. | Hemi. | 3-row | 4-row | 5-row

Symmetries: Mirror | Rotation | Palindr.

Aroha: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Avroh: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Jati: Equal | Balanced | Av.+1 | Av.+2

Samay: Morning | Aftern. | Eve. | Night

Murchana: Bhup. | Bihag | Bilaw. | Charu.

Raganga: Bhairav | Malhar | Kan. | Todi

Construction: Jod | Mishra | Oddball

Origin: Ancient | Carnatic | Modern

Dominance: Poorvang | Uttarang

Prevalence: A-list | Prachalit | Aprach.


• Prakriti: Lalita Gauri, Purba, Sonakshi


–Swara Geometries–

Core form: SrGmMPdDNS
Reverse: SrgGmMPdNS
Negative: 4-1-7
Imperfect: 2 (Pa, dha)
Detached: none
Symmetries: none
Murchanas: none


–Global Translations–

Carnatic: (~Kashiramakriya)
Jazz: Double Harmonic (dbl. 4th/6th)
Pitch classes (‘fret-jumps’):

o o • • o o o o o o • o o


• Tanpura: Sa–Pa
• Names: Sazgiri, Saazgiri, Saz Giri


—Vilayat Khan (1975)—




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Hindustani Raga Index

An open-ended project seeking to bring North Indian raga closer to all who approach with open ears. Combines direct input from dozens of leading Hindustani artists with in-depth insights from music history, global theory, performance practice, cognitive science, and much more! [out 2023-24]

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Ragatable: Analytical connections •
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George Howlett is a London-based musician, writer, and teacher (guitars, sitar, tabla, & santoor). Above all I seek to enthuse fellow sonic searchers, interconnecting fresh vibrations with the voices, cultures, and passions behind them. See Homepage for more, and hit me up for Lessons!

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