• Raag Gaurimanjari •


An intricate ten-toned raga created by Ali Akbar Khan via blending ideas from across the LalitGauri spectrum (Gaurimanjari: ‘Bouquet of Gauris’) – notable for its winding melodic motions and dense, crowded swara-space (some renditions employ all specific positions except komal ga). Its core form also possesses the ultra-rare property of rotational symmetry (i.e. the interval sequence can be rotated to produce an identical copy of the original, in this case 180o: its 5th murchana). This is probably of fairly limited consequence given the raga’s overall complexity – but Khan and others (notably his student Brij Bhushan Kabra) have found fruit in exploring its wide-open melodic geometries, which allow for many subtle sub-symmetries.

Raga Megalist (365+) •
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—Ali Akbar Khan (1970s)—

[refrain, e.g. 24:48] n(d) d(P) P, P(MP) P\M G, P(M) d(P) P, P, P, (M)P P(M) G, GG d(M)M G, G, rS…


• Classifiers •

Explore hidden inter-raga connections: swara geometries, melodic features, murchana sets, ragangas, & more (also see the Full Tag List):

Swaras: -4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10+

Sapta: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Poorvang: SRGM | SRG | SRM | SGM

Uttarang: PDNS | PDS | PNS | DNS

Varjit: Re | Ga | Ma | Pa | Dha | Ni

Double: rR | gG | mM | dD | nN

Thaat: 10 | 32Enclosed | Inexact

Chal: All-shuddha | All-komal | Ma-tivra

Gaps: Anh. | Hemi. | 3-row | 4-row | 5-row

Symmetries: Mirror | Rotation | Palindr.

Aroha: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Avroh: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Jati: Equal | Balanced | Av.+1 | Av.+2

Samay: Morning | Aftern. | Eve. | Night

Murchana: Bhup. | Bihag | Bilaw. | Charu.

Raganga: Bhairav | Malhar | Kan. | Todi

Construction: Jod | Mishra | Oddball

Origin: Ancient | Carnatic | Modern

Dominance: Poorvang | Uttarang

Prevalence: A-list | Prachalit | Aprach.


–Swara Geometries–

Core form: S-rR-G-mM-P-d-nN-S
Reverse: SrRGmMPdnNS (=itself)
Inverse: Dha; SMS (=none)
Imperfect: 2 (Re, dha)
Detached: none
Symmetries: mirror (S—M & g—D)
Murchanas: itself (on Ma)


–Global Translations–

Carnatic: (~Basant Bahar)
Jazz: Symmetrical Decatonic
Pitch classes (‘fret-jumps’):

o o o • o o o o o • o o o


• Tanpura: Sa–Pa
• Names: Gaurimanjari, Gauri Manjari, Gowri Manjiri (not the Carnatic ‘Gaurimanohari’)


—Brij Bhushan Kabra (~1980s)—




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Hindustani Raga Index

An open-ended project seeking to bring North Indian raga closer to all who approach with open ears. Combines direct input from dozens of leading Hindustani artists with in-depth insights from music history, global theory, performance practice, cognitive science, and much more! [out 2023]

Megalist (365+ ragas)
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Glossary: Raga jargon demystified
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Thaat: Bhatkhande’s base scales •
Murchanas: Swara-set rotations •
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George Howlett is a London-based musician, writer, and teacher (guitars, sitar, tabla, & santoor). Above all I seek to enthuse fellow sonic searchers, interconnecting fresh vibrations with the voices, cultures, and passions behind them. See Homepage for more, and hit me up for Lessons!

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