• Raag Jaldhar Kedar •


Jaldhar Kedar applies the movement patterns of Kedar to the swara set of Durga, also drawing on the monsoon melodies of the Malhar family. Shuddha ma is emphasised as a nyas (e.g. SRSm; mRPm; DPm), and the Malharic RePa sangati is also strong, while Durga’s mRP; mRDS is replaced by mRP; mRS; SRSm. Study notes from a K.G. Ginde lecture-demo offer a more detailed comparison with Durga and the similarly prakriti Shuddha Malhar: stating that all three ragas take a maSa vadi-samvadi, but that Jaldhar Kedar is distinguished by features including a descending D\m glide and a mid-scale (mPDP)m ornament. Refer to Ginde’s rendition (below), as well as those of Ramrang, Jyotsna Bhole, and Balwant Rai Bhatt – and also see other Kedar-allied ragas including Chandni Kedar and Saraswati Kedar.

Raga Megalist (365+) •
Search | Glossary | Tags
Hindustani Raga Index •


—K.G. Ginde (1985)—

[refrain, e.g. 1:31] SSRS, DP mP, SSRS, (S)DP, (D)mP, SSRS…


• Classifiers •

Explore hidden inter-raga connections: swara geometries, melodic features, murchana sets, ragangas, & more (also see the Full Tag List):

Swaras: -4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10+

Sapta: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Poorvang: SRGM | SRG | SRM | SGM

Uttarang: PDNS | PDS | PNS | DNS

Varjit: Re | Ga | Ma | Pa | Dha | Ni

Double: rR | gG | mM | dD | nN

Thaat: 10 | 32Enclosed | Inexact

Chal: All-shuddha | All-komal | Ma-tivra

Gaps: Anh. | Hemi. | 3-row | 4-row | 5-row

Symmetries: Mirror | Rotation | Palindr.

Aroha: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Avroh: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Jati: Equal | Balanced | Av.+1 | Av.+2

Samay: Morning | Aftern. | Eve. | Night

Murchana: Bhup. | Bihag | Bilaw. | Charu.

Raganga: Bhairav | Malhar | Kan. | Todi

Construction: Jod | Mishra | Oddball

Origin: Ancient | Carnatic | Modern

Dominance: Poorvang | Uttarang

Prevalence: A-list | Prachalit | Aprach.


• Prakriti: DurgaShuddha Malhar


–Swara Geometries–

Core form: SRmPDS
Reverse: SgmPnS (=Dhani)
Negative: 2-2-1-2-2-2-1 (e.g. Bilawal)
Imperfect: 1 (Dha)
Detached: none
Symmetries: mirror (r—P)
Murchanas: Bhupali set

Quirks: ‘atritonal‘ (no available tritones) • maximal‘ (swaras are optimally ‘spread out’)


–Global Translations–

Carnatic: ~Suddha Saveri
Jazz: Ritusen Pentatonic
Pitch classes (‘fret-jumps’):

o • o • • o • o • o • • o


• Tanpura: Sa–Pa (+Ni)
• Names: Jaldhar Kedar, Jaladhar Kedara


—Jyotsna Bhole (~1980s)—



Get started with learning raga! •

Share these ragas! My site is 100% reliant on organic visitors (and none of your donations go to ad agencies…) – share this with fellow sonic searchers!


Like everything on my site, the Raga Index will always remain open-access & ad-free: however, anti-corporate musicology doesn’t pay the bills! I put as much into these resources as time and finances allow – so, to hasten the project’s expansion, you can:

Support the Raga Index! •

—Riyaz-focused notations & bandish—
—Resurrecting rare and ancient ragas—
—Further melodic & geometric analysis—
—Engaging with Hindustani performers—
—Ensuring that high-quality raga knowledge will remain open to all, at no cost: free from commercial motive!—


Hindustani Raga Index

An open-ended project seeking to bring North Indian raga closer to all who approach with open ears. Combines direct input from dozens of leading Hindustani artists with in-depth insights from music history, global theory, performance practice, cognitive science, and much more! [out 2023-24]

Megalist (365+ ragas)
Search: Find your new favourite •
Tags: Classifying the ragascape •
Glossary: Raga jargon demystified
Murchanas: Swara-set rotations •
Thaat: Bhatkhande’s base scales •
Ragatable: Analytical connections •
Tanpuras: Divine overtonal drones •
Quotes: Musings from raga artists •
Talas: Hindustani rhythm cycles •
Sa | Re | Ga | Ma | Pa | Dha | Ni
[Random Raga]

—Search the Raga Index—

Feedback / Contact •

George Howlett is a London-based musician, writer, and teacher (guitars, sitar, tabla, & santoor). Above all I seek to enthuse fellow sonic searchers, interconnecting fresh vibrations with the voices, cultures, and passions behind them. See Homepage for more, and hit me up for Lessons!

Projects & articles: full list •

everything 100% ad-free and open-access