• Raag Kalingada •


Kalingada shares the same seven swaras as Bhairav, but approaches them differently – preferring a straighter, less ornamented character (as per Rajan Parrikar: “Kalingada has a flippant mien…far less austere than Bhairav. The Ga and Pa are advanced to positions of influence, [and] the swara-lagav is mostly linear, without the andolit treatment prevalent in Bhairav.”)

Raga Megalist (365+) •
Search | Glossary | Tags
Hindustani Raga Index •


Aroha: SrGmPdNS
Avroh: SNdPmGrS

Chalan: e.g. SrGmP, dPmPmG, mGrG; PdPdN, SNdN, NdP, dPmGmP (Parrikar)


—Kaushiki Chakraborty (2018)—

[themes, e.g. 1:57] GmGP (Pd), mP(nd) d(PdP)mG, GmGP; GmP(dSNSN) dP, mP(nd)P Pm(P)G…


• Classifiers •

Explore hidden inter-raga connections: swara geometries, melodic features, murchana sets, ragangas, & more (also see the Full Tag List):

Swaras: -4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10+

Sapta: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Poorvang: SRGM | SRG | SRM | SGM

Uttarang: PDNS | PDS | PNS | DNS

Varjit: Re | Ga | Ma | Pa | Dha | Ni

Double: rR | gG | mM | dD | nN

Thaat: 10 | 32Enclosed | Inexact

Chal: All-shuddha | All-komal | Ma-tivra

Gaps: Anh. | Hemi. | 3-row | 4-row | 5-row

Symmetries: Mirror | Rotation | Palindr.

Aroha: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Avroh: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Jati: Equal | Balanced | Av.+1 | Av.+2

Samay: Morning | Aftern. | Eve. | Night

Murchana: Bhup. | Bihag | Bilaw. | Charu.

Raganga: Bhairav | Malhar | Kan. | Todi

Construction: Jod | Mishra | Oddball

Origin: Ancient | Carnatic | Modern

Dominance: Poorvang | Uttarang

Prevalence: A-list | Prachalit | Aprach.


• Prakriti: Bhairav thaat, Bhairav, Gauri


–Swara Geometries–

Core form: SrGmPdNS
Reverse: SrGmPdNS (=itself)
Negative: 4-1-3-3-1 (e.g. Bibhas)
Imperfect: 3 (Pa, dha, Ni)
Detached: none
Symmetries: mirror (S—M)
Murchanas: Bhairav set

Quirks: ‘palindromic‘ (same intervals forwards & backwards) • centred‘ (constellation balances at the wheel’s centrepoint)


–Global Translations–

Carnatic: ~Mayamalavagowla
Jazz: Double Harmonic
Pitch classes (‘fret-jumps’):

o o • • o o • o o • • o o


• Tanpura: Sa–Pa (+dha)
• Names: Kalingada, Kalingda


—Nishad Bakre (2023)—




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Hindustani Raga Index

An open-ended project seeking to bring North Indian raga closer to all who approach with open ears. Combines direct input from dozens of leading Hindustani artists with in-depth insights from music history, global theory, performance practice, cognitive science, and much more! [out 2023-24]

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Tags: Classifying the ragascape •
Glossary: Raga jargon demystified
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Ragatable: Analytical connections •
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George Howlett is a London-based musician, writer, and teacher (guitars, sitar, tabla, & santoor). Above all I seek to enthuse fellow sonic searchers, interconnecting fresh vibrations with the voices, cultures, and passions behind them. See Homepage for more, and hit me up for Lessons!

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