• Raag Paraj Kalingada •


A seldom-performed jod raga matching the swaras of Poorvi, summarised by Aneesh Pradhan as “a combination of the [springtime] Paraj and Kalingada, [which is] popularly used in the thumridadra genres”. Paraj and Kalingada, already being closely-related forms, give rise to a subtle, samay-mixing blend – further seasoned by their respective proximities to Basant and Bhairav. Pradhan recommends the rendition of Vilayat Hussain Khan ‘Pranpiya’ (“the Agra ‘bol-bant’ [a method of lyrical expansion based on rhythmic sequences] is very much on showcase’…”). Also refer to recordings by Ram Marathe and Ulhas Kashalkar – and see the prakriti Prabhat Bhairav.

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—Kedar & Narayanrao Bodas (2017)—

[refrain, e.g. 0:36] N, dP, GmG, N(rSNS) N(N)d N, dP, (P)GmG Md dr(SN)S N(N)d N, dP, (P)GmG (G)M GrS…


• Classifiers •

Explore hidden inter-raga connections: swara geometries, melodic features, murchana sets, ragangas, & more (also see the Full Tag List):

Swaras: -4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10+

Sapta: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Poorvang: SRGM | SRG | SRM | SGM

Uttarang: PDNS | PDS | PNS | DNS

Varjit: Re | Ga | Ma | Pa | Dha | Ni

Double: rR | gG | mM | dD | nN

Thaat: 10 | 32Enclosed | Inexact

Chal: All-shuddha | All-komal | Ma-tivra

Gaps: Anh. | Hemi. | 3-row | 4-row | 5-row

Symmetries: Mirror | Rotation | Palindr.

Aroha: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Avroh: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Jati: Equal | Balanced | Av.+1 | Av.+2

Samay: Morning | Aftern. | Eve. | Night

Murchana: Bhup. | Bihag | Bilaw. | Charu.

Raganga: Bhairav | Malhar | Kan. | Todi

Construction: Jod | Mishra | Oddball

Origin: Ancient | Carnatic | Modern

Dominance: Poorvang | Uttarang

Prevalence: A-list | Prachalit | Aprach.


• Prakriti: Paraj, Poorvi, Prabhat Bhairav


–Swara Geometries–

Core form: SrGmMPdNS
Reverse: SrGmMPdNS (=itself)
Negative: 4-1-6-1
Imperfect: 2 (Pa, dha)
Detached: none
Symmetries: mirror (S—M)
Murchanas: none

Quirks: ‘palindromic‘ (same intervals forwards & backwards)


–Global Translations–

Carnatic: ~Kamavardhini
Jazz: Double Harmonic (dbl. 4th)
Pitch classes (‘fret-jumps’):

o o • • o o o o o • • o o


• Tanpura: Sa–Pa
• Names: Paraj Kalingada, Paraji Kalingda


—Ram Marathe (~1970s)—



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George Howlett is a London-based musician, writer, and teacher (guitars, sitar, tabla, & santoor). Above all I seek to enthuse fellow sonic searchers, interconnecting fresh vibrations with the voices, cultures, and passions behind them. See Homepage for more, and hit me up for Lessons!

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