• Raag Lachari Kanada •


Despite its unique swara set, Lachari Kanada is rare to the point of extinction: the only two recordings I can track down are both brief cuts by Agra stalwart Latafat Kussain Khan (one is said to have been captured at a baithak in Kolkata, the other is of unknown origin). His rendition reveals Kanada turns in poorvang (e.g. m\gm), but the uttarang is of a radically different character – Dha is avoided throughout, and both Ni variants are used in emphatic swoops towards taar Sa. Shuddha Ga is placed on the sam of the mukhda, and komal ga also appears in Jog-like descending motions of GmgS (a vakra pattern mirrored at the double-Ni position as NSnP: n.b. see Amrut Ranjani for the same idea at Dha). Lachari Kanada’s basic scale form is also an exact ma-murchana of Ambika Sarang – also compare and contrast with other ‘double-Ga Kanada’ ragas including Gunji Kanada, Nagadhwani Kanada, and Enayetkhani Kanada. And you can learn more about Latafat Hussain Khan’s life in a brief bio from Parrikar (“particularly known for his powerful voice, his crisp nomtom alaps, and his effervescent delivery…he took ‘Premdas’ for his colophon, also composing music for a Hindi film or two…”).

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—Latafat Hussain Khan (~1960s)—

[refrain, e.g. 0:16] G, Gm(G), S S(mRPmD)P, (P)SNS, (N)S nPn\PP, mPnPm\G, (Gm)P P(G)mR, SRG(mG), m/n(Pn)P, m/n(mPGmS)g (S)g(RgR)S(NS), S(mGPmnP)N S(NS)P n(PmPmg) (P)Gmg(S), G


• Classifiers •

Explore hidden inter-raga connections: swara geometries, melodic features, murchana sets, ragangas, & more (also see the Full Tag List):

Swaras: -4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10+

Sapta: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Poorvang: SRGM | SRG | SRM | SGM

Uttarang: PDNS | PDS | PNS | DNS

Varjit: Re | Ga | Ma | Pa | Dha | Ni

Double: rR | gG | mM | dD | nN

Thaat: 10 | 32Enclosed | Inexact

Chal: All-shuddha | All-komal | Ma-tivra

Gaps: Anh. | Hemi. | 3-row | 4-row | 5-row

Symmetries: Mirror | Rotation | Palindr.

Aroha: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Avroh: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Jati: Equal | Balanced | Av.+1 | Av.+2

Samay: Morning | Aftern. | Eve. | Night

Murchana: Bhup. | Bihag | Bilaw. | Charu.

Raganga: Bhairav | Malhar | Kan. | Todi

Construction: Jod | Mishra | Oddball

Origin: Ancient | Carnatic | Modern

Dominance: Poorvang | Uttarang

Prevalence: A-list | Prachalit | Aprach.


• Prakriti: (none found)


–Swara Geometries–

Core form: SRgGmPnNS
Reverse: SrRmPdDnS
Negative: 4-5-2-1
Imperfect: 2 (Re, Ni)
Detached: none
Symmetries: none
Murchanas: Lachari Kanada set


–Global Translations–

Carnatic: ~Dwijavanthi
Jazz: Ionian-Dorian (no 6th)
Pitch classes (‘fret-jumps’):

o • o o o o • o • • o o o


• Tanpura: Sa–Pa
• Names: Lachari Kanada, Lacchari Kannada


—Latafat Hussain Khan (~1970s)—



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George Howlett is a London-based musician, writer, and teacher (guitars, sitar, tabla, & santoor). Above all I seek to enthuse fellow sonic searchers, interconnecting fresh vibrations with the voices, cultures, and passions behind them. See Homepage for more, and hit me up for Lessons!

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