• Raag Shivawanti •


A barely-documented modern creation of sitar and surbahar legend Imrat Khan – kindly brought to my attention by his former student Chris Stephens via the Chandrakantha forum: “In regard to the ‘idiosyncratic’ Etawah ragas, here’s a video of [Khan] playing Shivawanti, which he described as a combination of Madhuvanti and Shivranjani. I captured this in 2007 in St. Louis, and it is likely the only recording of this raga…” (n.b. I’m 99% certain that a piece entitled ‘Solo Sitar’ from Khan’s yoga-themed 2008 album is a studio take of the same raga: and Stephens has since recorded his own gat cover). Still seemingly unperformed by anyone else, the raga is prakriti with Vijayanagari, a rare Carnatic import – although subtle flashes of komal ni also appear in the aforementioned studio rendition.

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—Imrat Khan (2007)—

[refrain, e.g. 17:40] R(/g\)R, S RS, (SD)PDP, S, R(/g\)R…


• Classifiers •

Explore hidden inter-raga connections: swara geometries, melodic features, murchana sets, ragangas, & more (also see the Full Tag List):

Swaras: -4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10+

Sapta: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Poorvang: SRGM | SRG | SRM | SGM

Uttarang: PDNS | PDS | PNS | DNS

Varjit: Re | Ga | Ma | Pa | Dha | Ni

Double: rR | gG | mM | dD | nN

Thaat: 10 | 32Enclosed | Inexact

Chal: All-shuddha | All-komal | Ma-tivra

Gaps: Anh. | Hemi. | 3-row | 4-row | 5-row

Symmetries: Mirror | Rotation | Palindr.

Aroha: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Avroh: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Jati: Equal | Balanced | Av.+1 | Av.+2

Samay: Morning | Aftern. | Eve. | Night

Murchana: Bhup. | Bihag | Bilaw. | Charu.

Raganga: Bhairav | Malhar | Kan. | Todi

Construction: Jod | Mishra | Oddball

Origin: Ancient | Carnatic | Modern

Dominance: Poorvang | Uttarang

Prevalence: A-list | Prachalit | Aprach.


–Swara Geometries–

Core form: S-R-g-M-P-D-S
Reverse: SgmMDnS (=none)
Inverse: Ni; SRmMDNS (=none)
Imperfect: 3 (ga, Ma, Dha)
Detached: 2 (ga, Ma)
Symmetries: mirror (Gm—nN)
Murchanas: Lilavati (on Re)


–Global Translations–

Carnatic: Vijayanagari
Jazz: Lydian b3 (no 7th)
Pitch classes (‘fret-jumps’):

o • o o • • o o • o • • o


• Tanpura: Sa–Pa
• Names: Shivawanti


—Imrat Khan (2008)—




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Hindustani Raga Index

An open-ended project seeking to bring North Indian raga closer to all who approach with open ears. Combines direct input from dozens of leading Hindustani artists with in-depth insights from music history, global theory, performance practice, cognitive science, and much more! [out 2023]

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George Howlett is a London-based musician, writer, and teacher (guitars, sitar, tabla, & santoor). Above all I seek to enthuse fellow sonic searchers, interconnecting fresh vibrations with the voices, cultures, and passions behind them. See Homepage for more, and hit me up for Lessons!

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