• Raag Sohini Pancham •


A variant of Sohini, named for its insertion of shuddha ma and Pa via phrases from Pancham including MGMGrS; MPGmG; MDMmG [n.b. many other raga names involving ‘Pancham’ indicate the inclusion of the swara position rather than the raga, e.g. ‘Pancham Malkauns]. Refer to renditions by Madhup Mudgal and Nisha Nigalye-Parasnis (singing a Pranpriya bandish), as well as a concert by Mahesh Kale which places it in direct conjunction with the ‘regular’ Sohini. The raga’s historical path remains unclear – although, as per Daniel Neuman’s intriguing paper Pedagogy, Practice, & Embodied Creativity in Hindustani Music, Vilayat Hussain Khan recounts that “in earlier days they used to use shuddha ma in Sohini” (read the full tale: “In my quest for the new cheez and new Ustads, I found [Chotte Khan] in Budaun…He was a very old man…That’s where I learned this Pancham Sohini, but he didn’t know the name of the raga. He just told me it was ‘a kind of Sohini’…Vilayat Hussain Khan [said it] was Pancham Sohini”). Prakriti with Lalit Pancham, Shuddha Basant, Bhankari, and Bhatiyar.

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—Nisha Nigalye-Parasnis (1990)—

[alap, e.g. 0:08] (S)G, MGr(SN)S, SGMP (PM)P, (MP)GmG, GmP(DP)S (ND)N, N(DSNSr) (SN)S (ND)ND G(mG)P GP, (Gm)G, (S)MG, M(GMG)rS; MGrS


• Classifiers •

Explore hidden inter-raga connections: swara geometries, melodic features, murchana sets, ragangas, & more (also see the Full Tag List):

Swaras: -4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10+

Sapta: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Poorvang: SRGM | SRG | SRM | SGM

Uttarang: PDNS | PDS | PNS | DNS

Varjit: Re | Ga | Ma | Pa | Dha | Ni

Double: rR | gG | mM | dD | nN

Thaat: 10 | 32Enclosed | Inexact

Chal: All-shuddha | All-komal | Ma-tivra

Gaps: Anh. | Hemi. | 3-row | 4-row | 5-row

Symmetries: Mirror | Rotation | Palindr.

Aroha: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Avroh: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Jati: Equal | Balanced | Av.+1 | Av.+2

Samay: Morning | Aftern. | Eve. | Night

Murchana: Bhup. | Bihag | Bilaw. | Charu.

Raganga: Bhairav | Malhar | Kan. | Todi

Construction: Jod | Mishra | Oddball

Origin: Ancient | Carnatic | Modern

Dominance: Poorvang | Uttarang

Prevalence: A-list | Prachalit | Aprach.


• Prakriti: Bhankari, Bhatiyar, Shuddha Basant, Lalit Pancham, Pancham, Vihang


–Swara Geometries–

Core form: SrGmMPDNS
Reverse: SrgmMPdNS
Negative: 4-1-5-2
Imperfect: 2 (re, Pa)
Detached: none
Symmetries: none
Murchanas: none


–Global Translations–

Carnatic: ~Chayatharangini
Jazz: Lydian-Ionian b2
Pitch classes (‘fret-jumps’):

o o • • o o o o • o • o o


• Tanpura: Sa–Pa
• Names: Sohini Pancham, Sohni Panchama


—Madhup Mudgal (2017)—



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George Howlett is a London-based musician, writer, and teacher (guitars, sitar, tabla, & santoor). Above all I seek to enthuse fellow sonic searchers, interconnecting fresh vibrations with the voices, cultures, and passions behind them. See Homepage for more, and hit me up for Lessons!

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