• Raag Shuddha Basant •


Typically considered the modern successor to the ‘original’ form of Basant – with Maihar musicians such as Nikhil Banerjee and Nityanand Haldipur considering it inseparable from Adi Basant (‘shuddha’, as well as referring to ‘pure’ or ‘unaltered’ swaras, may also indicate ‘primary’ or ‘original’: similar to the meaning of ‘adi’). Generally, it differs from the ‘main’ Basant in taking a shuddha Dha (placing it in line with Marwa thaat), although Dhrupad artists may omit Pa, and others may include touches of shuddha ma in avroh amongst other disparate quirks (some link it to Lalit, Hemant, and Bhinna Shadja). Also refer to renditions by sitarist Kushal Das, sarodiya Amjad Ali Khan, and bansuriyas Pannalal Ghosh and Hariprasad Chaurasia – and compare to the similarly-ancient Pancham, as well as other Basant variants such as Malti Basant, Gauri Basant, and Dakshinatya Basant.

Raga Megalist (365+) •
Search | Glossary | Tags
Hindustani Raga Index •


—Kushal Das (2014)—

[refrain, e.g. 0:10] D(SNR)S N(D), (NS)S (Gm)m D(SNR) (N)S N(D), M, m…


• Ragmalas •

Historic miniature paintings (learn more)

“Vasanta Raga, from a folio…” (Rajasthan, c.1670) / “Dancing nobleman play the role of Krishna in celebrations for the coming of spring, witnessed by flowering plants in the foreground, and the golden flower vessel balanced on his hand. The allusion to Krishna is secured by the nobleman’s skirt of peacock feathers, and the circle of female musicians accompanying him: together, they recall Krishna’s ‘raslila’ dance with the gopis…” (Rajasthan, c.1620)


• Classifiers •

Explore hidden inter-raga connections: swara geometries, melodic features, murchana sets, ragangas, & more (also see the Full Tag List):

Swaras: -4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10+

Sapta: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Poorvang: SRGM | SRG | SRM | SGM

Uttarang: PDNS | PDS | PNS | DNS

Varjit: Re | Ga | Ma | Pa | Dha | Ni

Double: rR | gG | mM | dD | nN

Thaat: 10 | 32Enclosed | Inexact

Chal: All-shuddha | All-komal | Ma-tivra

Gaps: Anh. | Hemi. | 3-row | 4-row | 5-row

Symmetries: Mirror | Rotation | Palindr.

Aroha: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Avroh: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Jati: Equal | Balanced | Av.+1 | Av.+2

Samay: Morning | Aftern. | Eve. | Night

Murchana: Bhup. | Bihag | Bilaw. | Charu.

Raganga: Bhairav | Malhar | Kan. | Todi

Construction: Jod | Mishra | Oddball

Origin: Ancient | Carnatic | Modern

Dominance: Poorvang | Uttarang

Prevalence: A-list | Prachalit | Aprach.


• Prakriti: Bhankari, Bhatiyar, Lalit Pancham, Pancham, Sohini Pancham, Vihang


–Swara Geometries–

Core form: SrGmMPDNS
Reverse: SrgmMPdNS
Negative: 4-1-5-2
Imperfect: 2 (re, Pa)
Detached: none
Symmetries: none
Murchanas: none


–Global Translations–

Carnatic: ~Chayatharangini
Jazz: Lydian-Ionian b2
Pitch classes (‘fret-jumps’):

o o • • o o o o • o • o o


• Tanpura: Sa–Pa
• Names: Shuddha Basant, Suddha Vasanta, Sudh Vasant, (~’Shuddha Dha Basant’)


—Hariprasad Chaurasia (1994)—



Get started with learning raga! •

Share these ragas! My site is 100% reliant on organic visitors (and none of your donations go to ad agencies…) – share this with fellow sonic searchers!


Like everything on my site, the Raga Index will always remain open-access & ad-free: however, anti-corporate musicology doesn’t pay the bills! I put as much into these resources as time and finances allow – so, to hasten the project’s expansion, you can:

Support the Raga Index! •

—Riyaz-focused notations & bandish—
—Resurrecting rare and ancient ragas—
—Further melodic & geometric analysis—
—Engaging with Hindustani performers—
—Ensuring that high-quality raga knowledge will remain open to all, at no cost: free from commercial motive!—


Hindustani Raga Index

An open-ended project seeking to bring North Indian raga closer to all who approach with open ears. Combines direct input from dozens of leading Hindustani artists with in-depth insights from music history, global theory, performance practice, cognitive science, and much more! [out 2023-24]

Megalist (365+ ragas)
Search: Find your new favourite •
Tags: Classifying the ragascape •
Glossary: Raga jargon demystified
Murchanas: Swara-set rotations •
Thaat: Bhatkhande’s base scales •
Ragatable: Analytical connections •
Tanpuras: Divine overtonal drones •
Quotes: Musings from raga artists •
Talas: Hindustani rhythm cycles •
Sa | Re | Ga | Ma | Pa | Dha | Ni
[Random Raga]

—Search the Raga Index—

Feedback / Contact •

George Howlett is a London-based musician, writer, and teacher (guitars, sitar, tabla, & santoor). Above all I seek to enthuse fellow sonic searchers, interconnecting fresh vibrations with the voices, cultures, and passions behind them. See Homepage for more, and hit me up for Lessons!

Projects & articles: full list •

everything 100% ad-free and open-access