• Raag Triveni •


Taking a ‘Shree/Bhairav no ma’ swara set, the hexatonic Triveni (also titled ‘Tirban/Tirvan’) is comprised of two symmetrical clusters – SrG & PdN (both semitonal jumps of ‘1-3’). Melodic motions mostly take after Shree, particularly via a strong rePa sangati and G\rS descents – evident in Shounak Abhiskehi’s jhaptal bandish (Kalindi Saraswati, transcribed below: described in the liner notes as an “extremely difficult raga”). The scale shape is also describable as ‘Din ki Puriya komal Pa’ [n.b. The name ‘Triveni’, implying a ‘confluence of three ragas’, is also used for several unrelated forms: e.g. Tarun Bhattacharya’s recently introduced mix of Lalit, Rageshri, & Jogeshwari, and Bhimsen Joshi’s bespoke blend of Marwa, Kedar, & Bhatiyar].

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—Shounak Abhisheki (2000)—

[bandish, e.g. 3:27] rr, rGrSS r, GrSS rr, GrSS(N)rr, GrSS, rrr rGPG(r), rrr, rGPG(rS), S(NS)P, PPPd P(rS), SP PPPd P, P/S(P) P(GP)d PPGS(N)r, GrSS(N) r, GrSS(N) r…


• Classifiers •

Explore hidden inter-raga connections: swara geometries, melodic features, murchana sets, ragangas, & more (also see the Full Tag List):

Swaras: -4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10+

Sapta: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Poorvang: SRGM | SRG | SRM | SGM

Uttarang: PDNS | PDS | PNS | DNS

Varjit: Re | Ga | Ma | Pa | Dha | Ni

Double: rR | gG | mM | dD | nN

Thaat: 10 | 32Enclosed | Inexact

Chal: All-shuddha | All-komal | Ma-tivra

Gaps: Anh. | Hemi. | 3-row | 4-row | 5-row

Symmetries: Mirror | Rotation | Palindr.

Aroha: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Avroh: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Jati: Equal | Balanced | Av.+1 | Av.+2

Samay: Morning | Aftern. | Eve. | Night

Murchana: Bhup. | Bihag | Bilaw. | Charu.

Raganga: Bhairav | Malhar | Kan. | Todi

Construction: Jod | Mishra | Oddball

Origin: Ancient | Carnatic | Modern

Dominance: Poorvang | Uttarang

Prevalence: A-list | Prachalit | Aprach.


• Prakriti: (none found)


–Swara Geometries–

Core form: SrGPdNS
Reverse: SrGmdNS
Negative: 4-1-2-1-3-1
Imperfect: 3 (Pa, dha, Ni)
Detached: none
Symmetries: none
Murchanas: none


–Global Translations–

Carnatic: ~Bowli
Jazz: Double Harmonic (no 4th)
Pitch classes (‘fret-jumps’):

o o • • o • • o o • • o o


• Tanpura: Sa–Pa
• Names: Triveni, Trivenee, Trivani, Tribani, Tirvan, Tirban


—Pandit Jasraj (1994)—



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Hindustani Raga Index

An open-ended project seeking to bring North Indian raga closer to all who approach with open ears. Combines direct input from dozens of leading Hindustani artists with in-depth insights from music history, global theory, performance practice, cognitive science, and much more! [out 2023-24]

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George Howlett is a London-based musician, writer, and teacher (guitars, sitar, tabla, & santoor). Above all I seek to enthuse fellow sonic searchers, interconnecting fresh vibrations with the voices, cultures, and passions behind them. See Homepage for more, and hit me up for Lessons!

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