• Raag Virat Bhairav •


A ‘double Dha Bhairav’ raga with a unique swara set, associated with Jaipur-Atrauli vocalists including Nivruttibuwa Sarnaik (who, according to gharana stablemate Gandhar Digrajkar, invented it). In addition to Bhairav’s classic G\rS swoop and general poorvang-focus, Parrikar notes “a rather busy uttarang: shuddha Dha is used sparingly, in special sancharis such as GmPDnDn and PDnS“ – based on its predominant composition Nayo Nayo Bairagi (a melody also picked up by Hemala Khare-Ranade). The scale presents natural shades of Ahir Bhairav, especially when descending from Sa (e.g. SnDPD), although komal dha can be used to disrupt such sequences (sometimes in consecutive ‘Dd‘ fashion, e.g. nDSn; D\d; nS). Sarnaik’s disciple Dinkar Panshikar is probably the raga’s finest living authority: refer to his recital from the 2019 Aundh Sangeet Mahotsav, as well as a 2019 lecture-demo covering the aforementioned bandish plus two more (Aaj More Shyam & Beeti Raina Bhor Bhai). Also see other ‘double Dha Bhairav’ ragas including Rati Bhairav, Tilak Bhairav, and Kabiri Bhairav.

Raga Megalist (365+) •
Search | Glossary | Tags
Hindustani Raga Index •


—Dinkarbuwa Panshikar (2019)—

[alap, e.g. 0:17] nSS n/rSnd, dnSrS rS(dn)S, Srr, r(SrSnSndnS)r, nnS(rSnS)r, (G)r (Gr)r, n(D) n(D) S(nr) n(r), nn(Snd), dnS nS, n n(DS)n\D(d) nS, nS nDnS…


• Classifiers •

Explore hidden inter-raga connections: swara geometries, melodic features, murchana sets, ragangas, & more (also see the Full Tag List):

Swaras: -4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10+

Sapta: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Poorvang: SRGM | SRG | SRM | SGM

Uttarang: PDNS | PDS | PNS | DNS

Varjit: Re | Ga | Ma | Pa | Dha | Ni

Double: rR | gG | mM | dD | nN

Thaat: 10 | 32Enclosed | Inexact

Chal: All-shuddha | All-komal | Ma-tivra

Gaps: Anh. | Hemi. | 3-row | 4-row | 5-row

Symmetries: Mirror | Rotation | Palindr.

Aroha: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Avroh: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Jati: Equal | Balanced | Av.+1 | Av.+2

Samay: Morning | Aftern. | Eve. | Night

Murchana: Bhup. | Bihag | Bilaw. | Charu.

Raganga: Bhairav | Malhar | Kan. | Todi

Construction: Jod | Mishra | Oddball

Origin: Ancient | Carnatic | Modern

Dominance: Poorvang | Uttarang

Prevalence: A-list | Prachalit | Aprach.


• Prakriti: (none found)


–Swara Geometries–

Core form: SrGmPdDnS
Reverse: SRgGmPdNS
Negative: 3-1-3-5
Imperfect: 3 (Ga, Pa, dha)
Detached: none
Symmetries: mirror (Rg—dD)
Murchanas: Tanseni Madhuvanti (on ni)


–Global Translations–

Carnatic: (~Devipriya)
Jazz: Phrygian Dominant (dbl. 6th)
Pitch classes (‘fret-jumps’):

o o • • o o • o o o o • o


• Tanpura: Sa–Pa
• Names: Virat Bhairav, Bhairav Virati


—Nivruttibua Sarnaik (~1970s)—



Get started with learning raga! •

Share these ragas! My site is 100% reliant on organic visitors (and none of your donations go to ad agencies…) – share this with fellow sonic searchers!


Like everything on my site, the Raga Index will always remain open-access & ad-free: however, anti-corporate musicology doesn’t pay the bills! I put as much into these resources as time and finances allow – so, to hasten the project’s expansion, you can:

Support the Raga Index! •

—Riyaz-focused notations & bandish—
—Resurrecting rare and ancient ragas—
—Further melodic & geometric analysis—
—Engaging with Hindustani performers—
—Ensuring that high-quality raga knowledge will remain open to all, at no cost: free from commercial motive!—


Hindustani Raga Index

An open-ended project seeking to bring North Indian raga closer to all who approach with open ears. Combines direct input from dozens of leading Hindustani artists with in-depth insights from music history, global theory, performance practice, cognitive science, and much more! [out 2023-24]

Megalist (365+ ragas)
Search: Find your new favourite •
Tags: Classifying the ragascape •
Glossary: Raga jargon demystified
Murchanas: Swara-set rotations •
Thaat: Bhatkhande’s base scales •
Ragatable: Analytical connections •
Tanpuras: Divine overtonal drones •
Quotes: Musings from raga artists •
Talas: Hindustani rhythm cycles •
Sa | Re | Ga | Ma | Pa | Dha | Ni
[Random Raga]

—Search the Raga Index—

Feedback / Contact •

George Howlett is a London-based musician, writer, and teacher (guitars, sitar, tabla, & santoor). Above all I seek to enthuse fellow sonic searchers, interconnecting fresh vibrations with the voices, cultures, and passions behind them. See Homepage for more, and hit me up for Lessons!

Projects & articles: full list •

everything 100% ad-free and open-access