• Raag Viyogavarali •


An invention of Agra vocalist S.N. Ratanjankar, Viyogavarali (also titled ‘Viyog Varali Todi’) was derived by omitting Pa from the Carnatic Dhenuka (melakarta #9) – also resembling ‘Chandrakauns plus komal re’ or ‘Gujiri Todi shuddha ma’. All swaras except Ni appear in their lowest specific variants, with the use of ga restricted to Todi-ang avroh motions (e.g. rgrS) – particularly evident in K.G. Ginde’s rendition (Binati Yahi Na Jaiyyo Mathura). Also see the prakriti Antardhwani, created independently by Shivkumar Sharma – as well as the Carnatic Varali, and other Ratanjankar-related ragas such as Salagavarali, Devgandhari Todi, and Basant Mukhari.

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Aroha: SrmdNS
Avroh: SNdm, rgrS

Chalan: e.g. Sdm; dNS; Srgrg; rS; Srmd; Nd; dN; dN; dNS; Nd; dNS, rg; rS; SNdm; mdN; dm; rgrS (Ratanjankar)


—K.G. Ginde (~1980s)—

[bandish, e.g. 0:02] dmg\r (g)rS, md(SN)S N\d, gr (g)r r\S; (S)r r(gr) Srm md(NSrS)g rS, (g)r (g)r (r)S; dmg\r (g)rS


• Classifiers •

Explore hidden inter-raga connections: swara geometries, melodic features, murchana sets, ragangas, & more (also see the Full Tag List):

Swaras: -4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10+

Sapta: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Poorvang: SRGM | SRG | SRM | SGM

Uttarang: PDNS | PDS | PNS | DNS

Varjit: Re | Ga | Ma | Pa | Dha | Ni

Double: rR | gG | mM | dD | nN

Thaat: 10 | 32Enclosed | Inexact

Chal: All-shuddha | All-komal | Ma-tivra

Gaps: Anh. | Hemi. | 3-row | 4-row | 5-row

Symmetries: Mirror | Rotation | Palindr.

Aroha: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Avroh: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Jati: Equal | Balanced | Av.+1 | Av.+2

Samay: Morning | Aftern. | Eve. | Night

Murchana: Bhup. | Bihag | Bilaw. | Charu.

Raganga: Bhairav | Malhar | Kan. | Todi

Construction: Jod | Mishra | Oddball

Origin: Ancient | Carnatic | Modern

Dominance: Poorvang | Uttarang

Prevalence: A-list | Prachalit | Aprach.


• Prakriti: Antardhwani


–Swara Geometries–

Core form: SrgmdNS
Reverse: SrGPDNS
Negative: 4-2-2-1-2-1
Imperfect: 3 (Sa, ga, Ni)
Detached: 1 (Ni)
Symmetries: none
Murchanas: none


–Global Translations–

Carnatic: (~Dhenuka)
Jazz: Harmonic Minor b2 (no 5th)
Pitch classes (‘fret-jumps’):

o o • o • o • • o • • o o


• Tanpura: Sa–ma
• Names: Viyogavarali, Viyogvarali, Viyog Varali Todi


—T.M. Krishna (2020)—
(actually the Carnatic ‘Dhenuka’ parent scale: I couldn’t find a second Hindustani rendition)




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George Howlett is a London-based musician, writer, and teacher (guitars, sitar, tabla, & santoor). Above all I seek to enthuse fellow sonic searchers, interconnecting fresh vibrations with the voices, cultures, and passions behind them. See Homepage for more, and hit me up for Lessons!

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