• Raag Devgandhari Todi •


A modification of Dev Gandhar, devised by Agra vocalist S.N. Ratanjankar via the addition of a Todi-like komal re – thus filling the entire Sa-to-ma swara space. Also recorded by his student K.G. Ginde, who extends this hemitonic run (and leans further into Todi’s geometries) by including touches of shuddha Ni, also reworking some Darbaric uttarang movements (nSRn\d; mPn\d nS). And a 2008 Ramdas Bhatkal article commemorating C.J.R. Bhatt (another Ratanjankar disciple), notes that “An approximation [of] a swara would never satisfy him…I recall learning with him a rarely-sung raga, a creation of Ratanjankar’s, Devgandhari Todi – that required different shades of each swara…He had neither learnt this raga from his guru, nor heard anyone sing this melody. On the strength of his [instruction], I even made bold to present this raga at a concert attended by many stalwarts…”. Also listed as sung by B.D. Wadikar on A.I.R. on Feb 24th 1973 – although I can’t find any surviving recordings other than Ginde’s. Compare to other Ratanjankar-related ragas including Salagavarali, Viyogavarali, & Basant Mukhari.

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—K.G. Ginde (1980s)—

[bandish, e.g. 2:59] SR S(nS)RP, m\g g\r(S) S, R(N)S RG m(Gm), (GmG)n\d (ndn)P P, (PnPn)PmP m\g(mg) g\r S, n\PP n/S; PDNS (S)Pm mP, SRG m, (mGm)P m\g(mg) (rg)r\S, SR(gR) (Sn)SRP m\g, g\r(gr)S…


• Classifiers •

Explore hidden inter-raga connections: swara geometries, melodic features, murchana sets, ragangas, & more (also see the Full Tag List):

Swaras: -4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10+

Sapta: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Poorvang: SRGM | SRG | SRM | SGM

Uttarang: PDNS | PDS | PNS | DNS

Varjit: Re | Ga | Ma | Pa | Dha | Ni

Double: rR | gG | mM | dD | nN

Thaat: 10 | 32Enclosed | Inexact

Chal: All-shuddha | All-komal | Ma-tivra

Gaps: Anh. | Hemi. | 3-row | 4-row | 5-row

Symmetries: Mirror | Rotation | Palindr.

Aroha: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Avroh: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Jati: Equal | Balanced | Av.+1 | Av.+2

Samay: Morning | Aftern. | Eve. | Night

Murchana: Bhup. | Bihag | Bilaw. | Charu.

Raganga: Bhairav | Malhar | Kan. | Todi

Construction: Jod | Mishra | Oddball

Origin: Ancient | Carnatic | Modern

Dominance: Poorvang | Uttarang

Prevalence: A-list | Prachalit | Aprach.


• Prakriti: Adarangi Todi


–Swara Geometries–

Core form: SrRgGmPdnS
Reverse: SRGmPdDnNS
Negative: 7-3-2
Imperfect: 2 (Re, Ga)
Detached: 1 (Ga)
Symmetries: none
Murchanas: none


–Global Translations–

Carnatic: (~Natabhairavi)
Jazz: Aeolian (dbl. 2nd/3rd)
Pitch classes (‘fret-jumps’):

o o o o o o • o o • o • o


• Tanpura: Sa–Pa
• Names: Devgandhari Todi, Dev Gandhari Todi



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George Howlett is a London-based musician, writer, and teacher (guitars, sitar, tabla, & santoor). Above all I seek to enthuse fellow sonic searchers, interconnecting fresh vibrations with the voices, cultures, and passions behind them. See Homepage for more, and hit me up for Lessons!

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