• Raag Chandrakauns •


Chandrakauns is a spacious raga of relatively modern origin, only becoming distinct from divergent strains of ‘shuddha Ni Malkauns’ by around the mid-20th century. This Ni-for-ni replacement removes much of Malkauns’ symmetry and intervallic balance, with the chromatic leading-tone resolution (Ni>Sa) bringing more prominence to both swaras. Due to these sharper tensions, it is often played at faster tempos than its parent – with modern renditions continuing to show wide phraseological variance. Also see proximate ragas such as Antardhwani (the same scale plus komal re), Rajeshwari (a dha-for-Dha switch), and Tulsikauns (double-Ni) – as well as Kirwani (which ‘encloses’ Chandrakauns: SRgmPdNS).

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Aroha: SgmdNS
Avroh: SNdmgS

Chalan: e.g. dNS(m)gmgS; S(m)gmg; S(m)gmd; m(N)dNd(S)NS; SNdm; gmgS (Bor/Vyas)


—Ranjani & Gayatri (2015)—

[theme, e.g. 0:20] m\g d\m N\d NS, Sg\SS N\d Ndm…


• More •

Histories, melodies, mythologies, etc…

—Zia Mohiuddin Dagar (pitch-graph)—


• Classifiers •

Explore hidden inter-raga connections: swara geometries, melodic features, murchana sets, ragangas, & more (also see the Full Tag List):

Swaras: -4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10+

Sapta: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Poorvang: SRGM | SRG | SRM | SGM

Uttarang: PDNS | PDS | PNS | DNS

Varjit: Re | Ga | Ma | Pa | Dha | Ni

Double: rR | gG | mM | dD | nN

Thaat: 10 | 32Enclosed | Inexact

Chal: All-shuddha | All-komal | Ma-tivra

Gaps: Anh. | Hemi. | 3-row | 4-row | 5-row

Symmetries: Mirror | Rotation | Palindr.

Aroha: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Avroh: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Jati: Equal | Balanced | Av.+1 | Av.+2

Samay: Morning | Aftern. | Eve. | Night

Murchana: Bhup. | Bihag | Bilaw. | Charu.

Raganga: Bhairav | Malhar | Kan. | Todi

Construction: Jod | Mishra | Oddball

Origin: Ancient | Carnatic | Modern

Dominance: Poorvang | Uttarang

Prevalence: A-list | Prachalit | Aprach.


• Prakriti: (none found)


–Swara Geometries–

Core form: SgmdNS
Reverse: SrGPDS
Negative: 3-1-2-2-1-2-1 (e.g. Nat Bhairav)
Imperfect: 3 (Sa, ga, Ni)
Detached: 1 (Ni)
Symmetries: none
Murchanas: Madhukauns (on ma)


–Global Translations–

Carnatic: ~Kadaram
Jazz: Harmonic Minor (no 2nd/5th)
Pitch classes (‘fret-jumps’):

o • • o • o • • o • • o o


• Tanpura: Sa–ma
• Names: Chandrakauns, Chandrakaus (not Chandrakaushiki)


—Nikhil Banerjee (1967)—



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George Howlett is a London-based musician, writer, and teacher (guitars, sitar, tabla, & santoor). Above all I seek to enthuse fellow sonic searchers, interconnecting fresh vibrations with the voices, cultures, and passions behind them. See Homepage for more, and hit me up for Lessons!

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