• Raag Tulsikauns •


A barely-recorded creation of Maihar sitarist Kartik Kumar, matching the swara-set of ‘Malkauns double-Ni’ (or ‘Malkauns + Chandrakauns’). A consistently strong mamurchana summons unmistakable flavours of the famous Western ‘Blues Scale’ (SgmMPnS), further accentuated by extended meend between the consecutive Ni positions (…I’ve used the exact same scale as a ‘modal sitar hack’ to play with Open G-tuned blues guitarists). Seemingly unperformed by anyone outside the Kumar family, although Kartik once recorded an astonishing surbahar/pakhawaj rendition, and his son Niladri has played it live and on a 2010 album (also see their duet below). The word ‘Tulsi’ refers to the ‘holy basil’ plant (ocimum tenuiflorum), renowned as an ayurvedic ingredient and used as an aromatic ‘blessed leaf’ in Hindu temple ceremonies, dedicated to the goddess Tulasi (an avatar of Lakshmi). Pleasingly, the raga forms an exact murchana of Marwa (from shuddha Ni).

Raga Megalist (365+) •
Search | Glossary | Tags
Hindustani Raga Index •


Aroha: SgmdnNS
Avroh: SNndmgS

Chalan: (uncodified)


—Kartik & Niladri Kumar (1980s)—

[refrain, e.g. 6:14] d, d, d, NNS, ggm, mdnNnd, ggN, S/m\g, g\S, SS(n/)S, gSn\d; NSgm…


• More •

Histories, melodies, mythologies, etc…

—Imagery: ocimum tenuiflorum

“The holy basil plant is revered in Hinduism as a manifestation of Lakshmi, the principal consort of Vishnu. The plant is especially sacred to Vaishnavites – and Lord Krishna, an avatar of Vishnu, is said to wear a garland of holy basil flowers around his neck. The plant is grown in many Hindu homes, often in the courtyard, and the presence of a holy basil plant is believed to increase piety, foster meditation, purify, and protect. Devotees worship with mantras and offerings of flowers, incense, or water from the Ganges…”


• Classifiers •

Explore hidden inter-raga connections: swara geometries, melodic features, murchana sets, ragangas, & more (also see the Full Tag List):

Swaras: -4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10+

Sapta: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Poorvang: SRGM | SRG | SRM | SGM

Uttarang: PDNS | PDS | PNS | DNS

Varjit: Re | Ga | Ma | Pa | Dha | Ni

Double: rR | gG | mM | dD | nN

Thaat: 10 | 32Enclosed | Inexact

Chal: All-shuddha | All-komal | Ma-tivra

Gaps: Anh. | Hemi. | 3-row | 4-row | 5-row

Symmetries: Mirror | Rotation | Palindr.

Aroha: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Avroh: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Jati: Equal | Balanced | Av.+1 | Av.+2

Samay: Morning | Aftern. | Eve. | Night

Murchana: Bhup. | Bihag | Bilaw. | Charu.

Raganga: Bhairav | Malhar | Kan. | Todi

Construction: Jod | Mishra | Oddball

Origin: Ancient | Carnatic | Modern

Dominance: Poorvang | Uttarang

Prevalence: A-list | Prachalit | Aprach.


• Prakriti: (none found)


–Swara Geometries–

Core form: SgmdnNS
Reverse: SrRGPDS
Negative: 4-1-2-2-1-2 (e.g. Saheli Todi)
Imperfect: 2 (Sa, Ni)
Detached: 1 (Ni)
Symmetries: none
Murchanas: Marwa set


–Global Translations–

Carnatic: (~Hindolam)
Jazz: Mixolymic
Pitch classes (‘fret-jumps’):

o • • o • o • • o • o o o


• Tanpura: Sa–ma
• Names: Tulsikauns, Tulsi Kauns


—Kartik Kumar (~1970s)—



Get started with learning raga! •

Share these ragas! My site is 100% reliant on organic visitors (and none of your donations go to ad agencies…) – share this with fellow sonic searchers!


Like everything on my site, the Raga Index will always remain open-access & ad-free: however, anti-corporate musicology doesn’t pay the bills! I put as much into these resources as time and finances allow – so, to hasten the project’s expansion, you can:

Support the Raga Index! •

—Riyaz-focused notations & bandish—
—Resurrecting rare and ancient ragas—
—Further melodic & geometric analysis—
—Engaging with Hindustani performers—
—Ensuring that high-quality raga knowledge will remain open to all, at no cost: free from commercial motive!—


Hindustani Raga Index

An open-ended project seeking to bring North Indian raga closer to all who approach with open ears. Combines direct input from dozens of leading Hindustani artists with in-depth insights from music history, global theory, performance practice, cognitive science, and much more! [out 2023-24]

Megalist (365+ ragas)
Search: Find your new favourite •
Tags: Classifying the ragascape •
Glossary: Raga jargon demystified
Murchanas: Swara-set rotations •
Thaat: Bhatkhande’s base scales •
Ragatable: Analytical connections •
Tanpuras: Divine overtonal drones •
Quotes: Musings from raga artists •
Talas: Hindustani rhythm cycles •
Sa | Re | Ga | Ma | Pa | Dha | Ni
[Random Raga]

—Search the Raga Index—

Feedback / Contact •

George Howlett is a London-based musician, writer, and teacher (guitars, sitar, tabla, & santoor). Above all I seek to enthuse fellow sonic searchers, interconnecting fresh vibrations with the voices, cultures, and passions behind them. See Homepage for more, and hit me up for Lessons!

Projects & articles: full list •

everything 100% ad-free and open-access