• Raag Manavi •


A shadav scale resembling ‘Kafi no ma’ (or ‘Shivranjani plus ni’), said to have been adapted from a congruent Carnatic form (Mattimavari). Most prominently performed by Patiala star Parveen Sultana: her enchanting 1982 album rendition places a swooping Paga sangati centre-stage (e.g. P\gP; P(g)PgR), often traversing wide interval jumps such as gPgD; nDgPgRS (bandish: Mere Nain Mein Baso & Mora Neendaniya Nasani). Shuddha ma occasionally replaces Pa in ornamental flourishes of (m)gP, although taans tend to highlight its omission in ‘straight line’ fashion (e.g. SRgPdS; nDPgRS). Also evocatively recorded by Kirana violinist Kashi Nath, although further examples are hard to definitively trace. Not to be confused with Malavi – and also compare to other ‘Kafi minus one’ ragas including Narayani (no Ga) and Nayaki Kanada (no Dha). Ripe for further exploration!

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Aroha: SRgP, DnS
Avroh: SnDP, gRS

Chalan: e.g. SnDS; PDnDS; SRgR; gRS; SRgP; gPgR; SRgP; gPD; DPgR; gR; nDS; gP; DnDS; SRgPgR; gR; gRS; nDP; gPgR; gS (Gadre)


—Parveen Sultana (1982)—

[bandish, e.g. 28:06] SgR(gRS)R (m)g/P, P(nDnDn)P D(SnSn)D n (DP)D (n)P, P\gP (nPm)g, S(gRmgR), S(nSnSn)D (nD), S(nSn)D, S S, S(nSnDP)D (nDnD)P, D(nDPDn) S(nSnSnS)D S(nS)D n/S S…


• Classifiers •

Explore hidden inter-raga connections: swara geometries, melodic features, murchana sets, ragangas, & more (also see the Full Tag List):

Swaras: -4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10+

Sapta: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Poorvang: SRGM | SRG | SRM | SGM

Uttarang: PDNS | PDS | PNS | DNS

Varjit: Re | Ga | Ma | Pa | Dha | Ni

Double: rR | gG | mM | dD | nN

Thaat: 10 | 32Enclosed | Inexact

Chal: All-shuddha | All-komal | Ma-tivra

Gaps: Anh. | Hemi. | 3-row | 4-row | 5-row

Symmetries: Mirror | Rotation | Palindr.

Aroha: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Avroh: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Jati: Equal | Balanced | Av.+1 | Av.+2

Samay: Morning | Aftern. | Eve. | Night

Murchana: Bhup. | Bihag | Bilaw. | Charu.

Raganga: Bhairav | Malhar | Kan. | Todi

Construction: Jod | Mishra | Oddball

Origin: Ancient | Carnatic | Modern

Dominance: Poorvang | Uttarang

Prevalence: A-list | Prachalit | Aprach.


• Prakriti: (none found)


–Swara Geometries–

Core form: SRgPDnS
Reverse: SRgmDnS
Negative: 2-3-1-1-2-3 (e.g. Jog)
Imperfect: 2 (Dha, ni)
Detached: none
Symmetries: none
Murchanas: none


–Global Translations–

Carnatic: ~Madhyamavarali
Jazz: Dorian (no 4th)
Pitch classes (‘fret-jumps’):

o • o o • • • o • o o • o


• Tanpura: Sa–Pa
• Names: Manavi, Manavee, Kolhas, Kalika


—Kashi Nath (2020)—



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George Howlett is a London-based musician, writer, and teacher (guitars, sitar, tabla, & santoor). Above all I seek to enthuse fellow sonic searchers, interconnecting fresh vibrations with the voices, cultures, and passions behind them. See Homepage for more, and hit me up for Lessons!

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