• Raag Narayani •


Adapted from the Carnatic ragam of the same name, Narayani takes the swaras of a ‘komal ni Durga’ (or ‘Khamaj no Ga’). Pa is a nyas, while Dha is rendered deergha (e.g. mPnD, DP), with a general melodic focus on madhya and taar saptaks. Tanarang describes the raga as “soothing”, while Parrikar traces its Northern inception to specific strands of Carnatic composition (“the inspiration…is Tyagaraja’s kritis: Bhajanaseyu Margamunu and Rama Neevekani…the raga name ‘Narayani’ [appears] as early as in the Sangita Makaranda of Narada [7th-9th century]…”). Prakriti with Gorakh Kalyan.

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—Prabhudev Sardar (1972)—

[bandish, e.g. 0:43] mR R/P, D(PmP)m, (P)D (S)n, (S)D, P, mD(SD)S, S(nS) S(D), D(SRmR)n, D, (S)P\R…


• Classifiers •

Explore hidden inter-raga connections: swara geometries, melodic features, murchana sets, ragangas, & more (also see the Full Tag List):

Swaras: -4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10+

Sapta: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Poorvang: SRGM | SRG | SRM | SGM

Uttarang: PDNS | PDS | PNS | DNS

Varjit: Re | Ga | Ma | Pa | Dha | Ni

Double: rR | gG | mM | dD | nN

Thaat: 10 | 32Enclosed | Inexact

Chal: All-shuddha | All-komal | Ma-tivra

Gaps: Anh. | Hemi. | 3-row | 4-row | 5-row

Symmetries: Mirror | Rotation | Palindr.

Aroha: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Avroh: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Jati: Equal | Balanced | Av.+1 | Av.+2

Samay: Morning | Aftern. | Eve. | Night

Murchana: Bhup. | Bihag | Bilaw. | Charu.

Raganga: Bhairav | Malhar | Kan. | Todi

Construction: Jod | Mishra | Oddball

Origin: Ancient | Carnatic | Modern

Dominance: Poorvang | Uttarang

Prevalence: A-list | Prachalit | Aprach.


• Prakriti: Gorakh KalyanDurgawati


–Swara Geometries–

Core form: SRmPDnS
Reverse: SRgmPnS (=Nayaki Kanada)
Negative: 2-2-1-2-2-3 (=itself)
Imperfect: 1 (Dha)
Detached: none
Symmetries: mirror (gG—Dn)
Murchanas: Shankara set

Quirks: ‘self-shadowing‘ (negative form=core form) • atritonal‘ (no available tritones)


–Global Translations–

Carnatic: Narayani
Jazz: Mixolydian (no 3rd)
Pitch classes (‘fret-jumps’):

o • o • • o • o • o o • o


• Tanpura: Sa–Pa (+Ni)
• Names: Narayani, Narayana, Nārāiṇ (historic)


—Mubarak Ali Khan (~1980s)—



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An open-ended project seeking to bring North Indian raga closer to all who approach with open ears. Combines direct input from dozens of leading Hindustani artists with in-depth insights from music history, global theory, performance practice, cognitive science, and much more! [out 2023-24]

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George Howlett is a London-based musician, writer, and teacher (guitars, sitar, tabla, & santoor). Above all I seek to enthuse fellow sonic searchers, interconnecting fresh vibrations with the voices, cultures, and passions behind them. See Homepage for more, and hit me up for Lessons!

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