• Raag Sampurna Malkauns •


More of an umbrella term for assorted ‘sampurna-modified Malkauns’ renditions than a specific raga (i.e. with Re and Pa added, thus completing the sapta swara). As per Deepak Raja: “Amongst the various manifestations of the concept, the most celebrated is that of Kesarbai Kerkar…[which] uses nine swaras [SRgGmPdDnS] instead of the minimum seven. Its inventory of phrases is drawn explicitly from Malkauns, Bageshri, & Kafi”. Kerkar’s fellow Jaipur-Atrauli vocalist Mogubai Kurdikar’s interpretations follow along relatively simpler lines, matching Malkauns’ audav aroha with the seven swaras of Asavari thaat on the way down. Also see Kaunsi Kanada (a form of ‘Sampurna Malkauns’), as well as the related Pancham Malkauns.

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—Kishori Amonkar (1991)—

[bandish, e.g. 0:50] g(m)P Pm, P, (P)m, (m)g R, (n)SgR g, (g)m g/m(g) g\S, S(gSnS)n\d n, nS(nS)m, mm(P)m P(mPm) m\g, gmPn\d (S)n (n)S, S, d(SnRSnSn) n\d, P, m\g, SgmP m(Pm) g(mg) R(mg) m\g g(R)S/m mm(g), g(m)P Pm, P


• Classifiers •

Explore hidden inter-raga connections: swara geometries, melodic features, murchana sets, ragangas, & more (also see the Full Tag List):

Swaras: -4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10+

Sapta: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Poorvang: SRGM | SRG | SRM | SGM

Uttarang: PDNS | PDS | PNS | DNS

Varjit: Re | Ga | Ma | Pa | Dha | Ni

Double: rR | gG | mM | dD | nN

Thaat: 10 | 32Enclosed | Inexact

Chal: All-shuddha | All-komal | Ma-tivra

Gaps: Anh. | Hemi. | 3-row | 4-row | 5-row

Symmetries: Mirror | Rotation | Palindr.

Aroha: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Avroh: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Jati: Equal | Balanced | Av.+1 | Av.+2

Samay: Morning | Aftern. | Eve. | Night

Murchana: Bhup. | Bihag | Bilaw. | Charu.

Raganga: Bhairav | Malhar | Kan. | Todi

Construction: Jod | Mishra | Oddball

Origin: Ancient | Carnatic | Modern

Dominance: Poorvang | Uttarang

Prevalence: A-list | Prachalit | Aprach.


–Swara Geometries–

Core form: S-R-g-m-P-d-n-S
Reverse: SRGmPDnS (=Khamaj)
Inverse: Ni; SRmPnS (=Megh)
Imperfect: 1 (Re)
Detached: none
Symmetries: mirror (m—N)
Murchanas: Bilawal set


–Global Translations–

Carnatic: ~Natabhairavi
Jazz: Natural Minor / Aeolian
Pitch classes (‘fret-jumps’):

o • o o • o • o o • o • o


• Tanpura: Sa–ma
• Names: Sampurna Malkauns, Malkos Sampurna, (~Kaunsi Kanada)


—Mogubai Kurdikar (1963)—




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Hindustani Raga Index

An open-ended project seeking to bring North Indian raga closer to all who approach with open ears. Combines direct input from dozens of leading Hindustani artists with in-depth insights from music history, global theory, performance practice, cognitive science, and much more! [out 2023]

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George Howlett is a London-based musician, writer, and teacher (guitars, sitar, tabla, & santoor). Above all I seek to enthuse fellow sonic searchers, interconnecting fresh vibrations with the voices, cultures, and passions behind them. See Homepage for more, and hit me up for Lessons!

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