• Raag Rasaranjani •


A rare, oddly-shaped audav raga formed by omitting Ga and Pa from Bilawal thaat – essentially, ‘removing the major triad from the major scale’ (it can also be seen as ‘Chatuswari Bhavani plus Ni’, Rajeshwari Re-for-ga’, or ‘Durga Ni-for-Pa’). Vocalist Sakuntala Narasimhan, introducing a brief drut khayal, cites Rasaranjani as an invention of her Rampur gharana guru Hafeez Ahmed Khan (hear his 1980 recording), describing it as “very unusual: I’ve never heard anyone sing this raga…it has hints of pathos”. Offers a strong mamurchana, although this is balanced by the fact that ‘Ni>Sa’ is the only chromatic resolution available.

Raga Megalist (365+) •
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—Sakuntala Narasimhan (~1990s)—

[refrains, e.g. 1:20] SD mmRSNS, (S)m, mR S(NS)R S; mm(N)D NS, (S)NRS; NSmR(mR), S(NSRS)N, Dm, RS…


• Classifiers •

Explore hidden inter-raga connections: swara geometries, melodic features, murchana sets, ragangas, & more (also see the Full Tag List):

Swaras: -4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10+

Sapta: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Poorvang: SRGM | SRG | SRM | SGM

Uttarang: PDNS | PDS | PNS | DNS

Varjit: Re | Ga | Ma | Pa | Dha | Ni

Double: rR | gG | mM | dD | nN

Thaat: 10 | 32Enclosed | Inexact

Chal: All-shuddha | All-komal | Ma-tivra

Gaps: Anh. | Hemi. | 3-row | 4-row | 5-row

Symmetries: Mirror | Rotation | Palindr.

Aroha: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Avroh: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Jati: Equal | Balanced | Av.+1 | Av.+2

Samay: Morning | Aftern. | Eve. | Night

Murchana: Bhup. | Bihag | Bilaw. | Charu.

Raganga: Bhairav | Malhar | Kan. | Todi

Construction: Jod | Mishra | Oddball

Origin: Ancient | Carnatic | Modern

Dominance: Poorvang | Uttarang

Prevalence: A-list | Prachalit | Aprach.


–Swara Geometries–

Core form: S-R-m-D-N-S
Reverse: SrgPnS (=Bairagi Todi)
Inverse: ni; SgmMdDnS (=none)
Imperfect: 3 (Sa, Dha, Ni)
Detached: 1 (Ni)
Symmetries: none
Murchanas: none


–Global Translations–

Carnatic: ~Rasa Ranjani
Jazz: Ionian (no 3rd/5th)
Pitch classes (‘fret-jumps’):

o • o • • o • • • o • o o


• Tanpura: Sa–ma
• Names: Rasaranjani, Rasranjani, Rasa Ranjini, (~Gyankali)


—Hafeez Ahmed Khan (1980)—




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Hindustani Raga Index

An open-ended project seeking to bring North Indian raga closer to all who approach with open ears. Combines direct input from dozens of leading Hindustani artists with in-depth insights from music history, global theory, performance practice, cognitive science, and much more! [out 2023]

Megalist (365+ ragas)
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George Howlett is a London-based musician, writer, and teacher (guitars, sitar, tabla, & santoor). Above all I seek to enthuse fellow sonic searchers, interconnecting fresh vibrations with the voices, cultures, and passions behind them. See Homepage for more, and hit me up for Lessons!

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