• Raag Sanjh Saravali •


Taking the general form of ‘Yaman Kalyan seasoned with Bihag’, Sanjh Saravali (‘Evening Melody’) was devised by Vilayat Khan in the late 1970s. Fellow Imdadkhani sitarist Deepak Raja, aided by input from Khan himself, describes the raga as “incorporating fleeting impressions of several [Kalyan] ragas, including Nand Kalyan and Chayanat…its melodic identity rests on hide-and-seek between several allied ragas” (see avirbhav/tirobhav) – revolving around an alternation between “Yaman Kalyan in the lower octave and lower tetrachord [PMGmRG]…and phrases from Bihag [NDNSN] in uttarang”, amidst a “nondescript treatment of the two Ma swaras”. Raja adds that “the Ustad described it as a ‘beautiful [melody] which had composed itself’…Sanjh Saravali evokes a combination of the tranquil and the solemn. There might be a hint of the romantic, but it is a stoic romanticism, devoid of any vivacity…”). Since recorded by Ulhas Kashalkar and Baljit Singh (on the tar shehnai) – and also see Enayetkhani Kanada, another Vilayat creation (initially named after himself, then retitled in honour of his father).

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—Vilayat Khan (2000)—

[gat, e.g. 0:34] (G)P, (P)G, (G)R G, G(m)G, (RN)S, N R G M, M(DP) G, S, N, NS, N(Sn)DP, DP, PD(NS), (G)P, (P)G…


• Classifiers •

Explore hidden inter-raga connections: swara geometries, melodic features, murchana sets, ragangas, & more (also see the Full Tag List):

Swaras: -4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10+

Sapta: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Poorvang: SRGM | SRG | SRM | SGM

Uttarang: PDNS | PDS | PNS | DNS

Varjit: Re | Ga | Ma | Pa | Dha | Ni

Double: rR | gG | mM | dD | nN

Thaat: 10 | 32Enclosed | Inexact

Chal: All-shuddha | All-komal | Ma-tivra

Gaps: Anh. | Hemi. | 3-row | 4-row | 5-row

Symmetries: Mirror | Rotation | Palindr.

Aroha: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Avroh: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Jati: Equal | Balanced | Av.+1 | Av.+2

Samay: Morning | Aftern. | Eve. | Night

Murchana: Bhup. | Bihag | Bilaw. | Charu.

Raganga: Bhairav | Malhar | Kan. | Todi

Construction: Jod | Mishra | Oddball

Origin: Ancient | Carnatic | Modern

Dominance: Poorvang | Uttarang

Prevalence: A-list | Prachalit | Aprach.


• Prakriti: Bihag, Nand, Hameer, Kamod, Maru Bihag, Pat Bihag, Chayanat, Gaud Sarang, Shyam Kalyan, Khem Kalyan, Lakshmi Kalyan


–Swara Geometries–

Core form: SRGmMPDNS
Reverse: SrgmMPdnS
Negative: 3-2-5-2
Imperfect: 1 (Ma)
Detached: none
Symmetries: mirror (mM—NS)
Murchanas: Bihag set

Quirks: maximal‘ (swaras are optimally ‘spread out’)


–Global Translations–

Carnatic: ~Behag
Jazz: Lydionian
Pitch classes (‘fret-jumps’):

o • o • o o o o • o • o o


• Tanpura: Sa–Pa
• Names: Sanjh Saravali, Saanjh Sarawali, Sanjhsaravali


—Baljit Singh (2018)—




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Hindustani Raga Index

An open-ended project seeking to bring North Indian raga closer to all who approach with open ears. Combines direct input from dozens of leading Hindustani artists with in-depth insights from music history, global theory, performance practice, cognitive science, and much more! [out 2023-24]

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George Howlett is a London-based musician, writer, and teacher (guitars, sitar, tabla, & santoor). Above all I seek to enthuse fellow sonic searchers, interconnecting fresh vibrations with the voices, cultures, and passions behind them. See Homepage for more, and hit me up for Lessons!

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