• Raag (Brindabani) Sarang •


The Sarang raga lineage, often linked to 16th-century mystic-musician Swami Haridas, is also associated with snake-charming rituals of the past. Brindabani Sarang, named for Uttar Pradesh’s Vrindavan region, is the principal raga of this group – and is believed to have brought an incarnation of Krishna to earth when Haridas sung it for the first time. The raga is associated with the blazing midday sun, and consequently tends to be expounded in madhya and taar saptak. Re (the vadi) is typically played ‘unadorned’: free of slides, trills, or other ornaments. Similar to a double-Ni variant of Madhumad Sarang, while also belonging to the Jog murchana set.

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Aroha: SRmPNS
Avroh: SnPmRS

Chalan: e.g. SN, NSR, P(m)R, nPmR, N, S (Parrikar)


—Jayateerth Mevundi (2017)—

[refrain, e.g. 0:20] (SR)NN S(NS)S, R S, S(NSRSNS) n\P NN, P(SN)R S, S(RmPn)P m(PnP) mRR, (R)NN, P(SN)R…


• Classifiers •

Explore hidden inter-raga connections: swara geometries, melodic features, murchana sets, ragangas, & more (also see the Full Tag List):

Swaras: -4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10+

Sapta: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Poorvang: SRGM | SRG | SRM | SGM

Uttarang: PDNS | PDS | PNS | DNS

Varjit: Re | Ga | Ma | Pa | Dha | Ni

Double: rR | gG | mM | dD | nN

Thaat: 10 | 32Enclosed | Inexact

Chal: All-shuddha | All-komal | Ma-tivra

Gaps: Anh. | Hemi. | 3-row | 4-row | 5-row

Symmetries: Mirror | Rotation | Palindr.

Aroha: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Avroh: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Jati: Equal | Balanced | Av.+1 | Av.+2

Samay: Morning | Aftern. | Eve. | Night

Murchana: Bhup. | Bihag | Bilaw. | Charu.

Raganga: Bhairav | Malhar | Kan. | Todi

Construction: Jod | Mishra | Oddball

Origin: Ancient | Carnatic | Modern

Dominance: Poorvang | Uttarang

Prevalence: A-list | Prachalit | Aprach.


• Prakriti: (none found)


–Swara Geometries–

Core form: SRmPnNS
Reverse: SrRmPnS
Negative: 4-2-1-2-2-1 (e.g. Manavi)
Imperfect: 2 (Re, Ni)
Detached: 1 (Ni)
Symmetries: none
Murchanas: Jog set


–Global Translations–

Carnatic: ~Brindavana Saranga
Jazz: Bebop Dominant (no 3rd/6th)
Pitch classes (‘fret-jumps’):

o • o • • o • o • • o o o


• Tanpura: Sa–Pa (+Re)
• Names: Sarang, Brindabani Sarang, Vrindavani Sarang


—Ali Akbar Khan (1981)—




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Hindustani Raga Index

An open-ended project seeking to bring North Indian raga closer to all who approach with open ears. Combines direct input from dozens of leading Hindustani artists with in-depth insights from music history, global theory, performance practice, cognitive science, and much more! [out 2023-24]

Megalist (365+ ragas)
Search: Find your new favourite •
Tags: Classifying the ragascape •
Glossary: Raga jargon demystified
Murchanas: Swara-set rotations •
Thaat: Bhatkhande’s base scales •
Ragatable: Analytical connections •
Tanpuras: Divine overtonal drones •
Quotes: Musings from raga artists •
Talas: Hindustani rhythm cycles •
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George Howlett is a London-based musician, writer, and teacher (guitars, sitar, tabla, & santoor). Above all I seek to enthuse fellow sonic searchers, interconnecting fresh vibrations with the voices, cultures, and passions behind them. See Homepage for more, and hit me up for Lessons!

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