• Raag Abhogi •


Abhogi is a rare example of an ‘audav Kanada’ raga – somewhat resembling ‘Darbari no Pa/ni’ (or, if the Kanada component is de-emphasised, ‘Bageshri aroha no ni’). As per Tanarang, the raga’s capacity for Darbaric poorvang movements “creates a deep atmosphere”, [which] can be expanded in all three octaves” – while the ultra-sparse uttarang (empty save for shuddha Dha) presents a curious creative challenge. Bor describes Abhogi as a relatively recent Carnatic import, also noting that some artists choose to omit Re in ascent and approach ga with an ornament from above (e.g. m\g) – and that mgRDS can sometimes replace the Kanada-style gmRS concluding phrase. Witness an astonishing Dhrupad duet by Premkumar & Prashant Mallick (transcribed below) – and also see Bhavani (the only other raga I can trace which restricts its uttarang to the generic swarasma-Dha-Sa‘).

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Aroha: SRgmDS
Avroh: SDmgmRS

Chalan: e.g. SRDS; DSR(m)gmRS; gmD; m(S)DS; RSD; SDmgR; DS (Bor/Chaurasia)


—Premkumar & Prashant Mallick (2014)—

[layered phrases, e.g. 1:33] mgRS\D, mgmDS, gRgmD, S\D S\m S\D, S(\D)S, S SS; S\D S/R m\g…


• Classifiers •

Explore hidden inter-raga connections: swara geometries, melodic features, murchana sets, ragangas, & more (also see the Full Tag List):

Swaras: -4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10+

Sapta: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Poorvang: SRGM | SRG | SRM | SGM

Uttarang: PDNS | PDS | PNS | DNS

Varjit: Re | Ga | Ma | Pa | Dha | Ni

Double: rR | gG | mM | dD | nN

Thaat: 10 | 32Enclosed | Inexact

Chal: All-shuddha | All-komal | Ma-tivra

Gaps: Anh. | Hemi. | 3-row | 4-row | 5-row

Symmetries: Mirror | Rotation | Palindr.

Aroha: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Avroh: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Jati: Equal | Balanced | Av.+1 | Av.+2

Samay: Morning | Aftern. | Eve. | Night

Murchana: Bhup. | Bihag | Bilaw. | Charu.

Raganga: Bhairav | Malhar | Kan. | Todi

Construction: Jod | Mishra | Oddball

Origin: Ancient | Carnatic | Modern

Dominance: Poorvang | Uttarang

Prevalence: A-list | Prachalit | Aprach.


• Prakriti: (none found)


–Swara Geometries–

Core form: SRgmDS
Reverse: SgPDnS
Negative: 2-3-2-1-1-2-1
Imperfect: 3 (Sa, ga, Dha)
Detached: 1 (ga)
Symmetries: none
Murchanas: Kalavati set


–Global Translations–

Carnatic: Abhogi
Jazz: Dorian (no 5th/7th)
Pitch classes (‘fret-jumps’):

o • o o • o • • • o • • o


• Tanpura: Sa–ma (+Dha)
• Names: Abhogi (Kanada), Abhogi Kannada, Abogi


—Hariprasad Chaurasia (1999)—



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George Howlett is a London-based musician, writer, and teacher (guitars, sitar, tabla, & santoor). Above all I seek to enthuse fellow sonic searchers, interconnecting fresh vibrations with the voices, cultures, and passions behind them. See Homepage for more, and hit me up for Lessons!

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