• Raag Khokar •


A captivating raga with disparate modern strands. In its predominant Jaipur-Atrauli incarnation, Khokar is, as according to some, essentially identical to Bihagda, itself a fusion of Bihag and Khamaj (Deepak Raja: “A melodic analysis of [the] so-called Khokar confirms its identity with Bihagda…[any] distinction remains unsupported by either logic or evidence”) – however Manjiri Asanare-Kelkar’s excellent demo breakdown summarises its 21st-century form as “a variant of Bihagda: in Khokar, the Khamaj element is extended [e.g. via PDS(RS)nD, nDPDm, GmPmP]”. Re is limited to avroh flourishes, and, as per Parrikar, “the attack on komal ni is pronounced, and suggestive of Shukla Bilawal”, recommending “the ineffable splendour of Kesarbai Kerkar‘s performance: the conception, execution, and resolution of her taans as they take flight, soar, and swoop back into the orbit of the tala make for a awe-inspiring spectacle”. As yet untouched by instrumentalists.

Raga Megalist (365+) •
Search | Glossary | Tags
Hindustani Raga Index •


—Mallikarjun Mansur (~1980s)—

[alap, e.g. 0:08] N, N/S, N(SN) N, (P)N S; SG, mPmP(GP)G\S, (PS)N S, S(NS)G m P, GmPD n(DnDn)P D(Pmm), GmP, GmPD(PD)P D(SnSDnD) n(DnDn)PP; (SGmG)P (S)mP G…


• Classifiers •

Explore hidden inter-raga connections: swara geometries, melodic features, murchana sets, ragangas, & more (also see the Full Tag List):

Swaras: -4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10+

Sapta: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Poorvang: SRGM | SRG | SRM | SGM

Uttarang: PDNS | PDS | PNS | DNS

Varjit: Re | Ga | Ma | Pa | Dha | Ni

Double: rR | gG | mM | dD | nN

Thaat: 10 | 32Enclosed | Inexact

Chal: All-shuddha | All-komal | Ma-tivra

Gaps: Anh. | Hemi. | 3-row | 4-row | 5-row

Symmetries: Mirror | Rotation | Palindr.

Aroha: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Avroh: Audav | Shadav | Sampurna

Jati: Equal | Balanced | Av.+1 | Av.+2

Samay: Morning | Aftern. | Eve. | Night

Murchana: Bhup. | Bihag | Bilaw. | Charu.

Raganga: Bhairav | Malhar | Kan. | Todi

Construction: Jod | Mishra | Oddball

Origin: Ancient | Carnatic | Modern

Dominance: Poorvang | Uttarang

Prevalence: A-list | Prachalit | Aprach.


• Prakriti: (none found)


–Swara Geometries–

Core form: SGmPDnNS
Reverse: SrRgmPdS
Negative: 5-1-1-3-2
Imperfect: 2 (Pa, Ni)
Detached: none
Symmetries: none
Murchanas: Khokar set


–Global Translations–

Carnatic: (~Begada)
Jazz: Bebop Dominant (no 2nd)
Pitch classes (‘fret-jumps’):

o • • • o o • o • o o o o


• Tanpura: Sa–Pa
• Names: Khokar, Khokhar, Kokar (~Bihagda)


—Manjiri Asanare-Kelkar (2020)—




Like everything on my site, the Raga Index will always remain 100% open-access and ad-free: however, anti-corporate musicology doesn’t pay the bills! I put as much into this project as time and finances allow – so, if you like these resources, you can:

Support the Raga Index! •

…and hasten the project’s expansion…
—Riyaz-focused notations & bandish—
—Resurrecting rare and ancient ragas—
—Further melodic & geometric analysis—
—Engaging with Hindustani performers—
—Ensuring that high-quality raga knowledge will remain open to all, at no cost: free from commercial motive!—


Hindustani Raga Index

An open-ended project seeking to bring North Indian raga closer to all who approach with open ears. Combines direct input from dozens of leading Hindustani artists with in-depth insights from music history, global theory, performance practice, cognitive science, and much more! [out 2023-24]

Megalist (365+ ragas)
Search: Find your new favourite •
Tags: Classifying the ragascape •
Glossary: Raga jargon demystified
Murchanas: Swara-set rotations •
Thaat: Bhatkhande’s base scales •
Ragatable: Analytical connections •
Tanpuras: Divine overtonal drones •
Quotes: Musings from raga artists •
Talas: Hindustani rhythm cycles •
Sa | Re | Ga | Ma | Pa | Dha | Ni
[Random Raga]

—Search the Raga Index—

Feedback / Contact •

George Howlett is a London-based musician, writer, and teacher (guitars, sitar, tabla, & santoor). Above all I seek to enthuse fellow sonic searchers, interconnecting fresh vibrations with the voices, cultures, and passions behind them. See Homepage for more, and hit me up for Lessons!

Learn raga on any instrument! •

everything 100% ad-free and open-access